The Francis Spaight by Jack London
(A TRUE TALE RETOLD)
The Francis Spaight was running before it solely under a mizzentopsail,
when the thing happened. It was not due to carelessness so much as to the
lack of discipline of the crew and to the fact that they were indifferent
seamen at best. The man at the wheel in particular, a Limerick man, had
had no experience with salt water beyond that of rafting timber on the
Shannon between the Quebec vessels and the shore. He was afraid of the
huge seas that rose out of the murk astern and bore down upon him, and he
was more given to cowering away from their threatened impact than he was
to meeting their blows with the wheel and checking the ship's rush to
It was three in the morning when his unseamanlike conduct precipitated the
catastrophe. At sight of a sea far larger than its fellows, he crouched
down, releasing his hands from the spokes. The Francis Spaight sheered as
her stern lifted on the sea, receiving the full fling of the cap on her
quarter. The next instant she was in the trough, her lee-rail buried till
the ocean was level with her hatch-coamings, sea after sea breaking over
her weather rail and sweeping what remained exposed of the deck with icy
The men were out of hand, helpless and hopeless, stupid in their
bewilderment and fear, and resolute only in that they would not obey
orders. Some wailed, others clung silently in the weather shrouds, and
still others muttered prayers or shrieked vile imprecations; and neither
captain nor mate could get them to bear a hand at the pumps or at setting
patches of sails to bring the vessel up to the wind and sea. Inside the
hour the ship was over on her beam ends, the lubberly cowards climbing up
her side and hanging on in the rigging. When she went over, the mate was
caught and drowned in the after-cabin, as were two sailors who had sought
refuge in the forecastle.
The mate had been the ablest man on board, and the captain was now
scarcely less helpless than his men. Beyond cursing them for their
worthlessness, he did nothing; and it remained for a man named Mahoney, a
Belfast man, and a boy, O'Brien, of Limerick, to cut away the fore and
main masts. This they did at great risk on the perpendicular wall of the
wreck, sending the mizzentopmast overside along in the general crash. The
Francis Spaight righted, and it was well that she was lumber laden, else
she would have sunk, for she was already water-logged. The mainmast, still
fast by the shrouds, beat like a thunderous sledge-hammer against the
ship's side, every stroke bringing groans from the men.
Day dawned on the savage ocean, and in the cold gray light all that could
be seen of the Francis Spaight emerging from the sea were the poop, the
shattered mizzenmast, and a ragged line of bulwarks. It was midwinter in
the North Atlantic, and the wretched men were half-dead from cold. But
there was no place where they could find rest. Every sea breached clean
over the wreck, washing away the salt incrustations from their bodies and
depositing fresh incrustations. The cabin under the poop was awash to the
knees, but here at least was shelter from the chill wind, and here the
survivors congregated, standing upright, holding on by the cabin
furnishings, and leaning against one another for support.
In vain Mahoney strove to get the men to take turns in watching aloft from
the mizzenmast for any chance vessel. The icy gale was too much for them,
and they preferred the shelter of the cabin. O'Brien, the boy, who was
only fifteen, took turns with Mahoney on the freezing perch. It was the
boy, at three in the afternoon, who called down that he had sighted a
sail. This did bring them from the cabin, and they crowded the poop rail
and weather mizzen shrouds as they watched the strange ship. But its
course did not lie near, and when it disappeared below the skyline, they
returned shivering to the cabin, not one offering to relieve the watch at
the mast head.
By the end of the second day, Mahoney and O'Brien gave up their attempt,
and thereafter the vessel drifted in the gale uncared for and without a
lookout. There were thirteen alive, and for seventy-two hours they stood
knee-deep in the sloshing water on the cabin floor, half-frozen, without
food, and with but three bottles of wine shared among them. All food and
fresh water were below, and there was no getting at such supplies in the
water-logged condition of the wreck. As the days went by, no food whatever
passed their lips. Fresh water, in small quantities, they were able to
obtain by holding a cover of a tureen under the saddle of the mizzenmast.
But the rain fell infrequently, and they were hard put. When it rained,
they also soaked their handkerchiefs, squeezing them out into their mouths
or into their shoes. As the wind and sea went down, they were even able to
mop the exposed portions of the deck that were free from brine and so add
to their water supply. But food they had none, and no way of getting it,
though sea-birds flew repeatedly overhead.
In the calm weather that followed the gale, after having remained on their
feet for ninety-six hours, they were able to find dry planks in the cabin
on which to lie. But the long hours of standing in the salt water had
caused sores to form on their legs. These sores were extremely painful.
The slightest contact or scrape caused severe anguish, and in their weak
condition and crowded situation they were continually hurting one another
in this manner. Not a man could move about without being followed by
volleys of abuse, curses, and groans. So great was their misery that the
strong oppressed the weak, shoving them aside from the dry planks to shift
for themselves in the cold and wet. The boy, O'Brien, was specially
maltreated. Though there were three other boys, it was O'Brien who came in
for most of the abuse. There was no explaining it, except on the ground
that his was a stronger and more dominant spirit than those of the other
boys, and that he stood up more for his rights, resenting the petty
injustices that were meted out to all the boys by the men. Whenever
O'Brien came near the men in search of a dry place to sleep, or merely
moved about, he was kicked and cuffed away. In return, he cursed them for
their selfish brutishness, and blows and kicks and curses were rained upon
him. Miserable as were all of them, he was thus made far more miserable;
and it was only the flame of life, unusually strong in him, that enabled
him to endure.
As the days went by and they grew weaker, their peevishness and ill-temper
increased, which, in turn, increased the ill-treatment and sufferings of
O'Brien. By the sixteenth day all hands were far gone with hunger, and
they stood together in small groups, talking in undertones and
occasionally glancing at O'Brien. It was at high noon that the conference
came to a head. The captain was the spokesman. All were collected on the
"Men," the captain began, "we have been a long time without food—two
weeks and two days it is, though it seems more like two years and two
months. We can't hang out much longer. It is beyond human nature to go on
hanging out with nothing in our stomachs. There is a serious question to
consider: whether it is better for all to die, or for one to die. We are
standing with our feet in our graves. If one of us dies, the rest may live
until a ship is sighted. What say you?"
Michael Behane, the man who had been at the wheel when the Francis Spaight
broached to, called out that it was well. The others joined in the cry.
"Let it be one of the b'ys!" cried Sullivan, a Tarbert man, glancing at
the same time significantly at O'Brien.
"It is my opinion," the captain went on, "that it will be a good deed for
one of us to die for the rest."
"A good deed! A good deed!" the men interjected.
"And it is my opinion that 'tis best for one of the boys to die. They have
no families to support, nor would they be considered so great a loss to
their friends as those who have wives and children."
"'Tis right." "Very right." "Very fit it should be done," the men muttered
one to another.
But the four boys cried out against the injustice of it.
"Our lives is just as dear to us as the rest iv yez," O'Brien protested.
"An' our famblies, too. As for wives an' childer, who is there savin'
meself to care for me old mother that's a widow, as you know well, Michael
Behane, that comes from Limerick? 'Tis not fair. Let the lots be drawn
between all of us, men and b'ys."
Mahoney was the only man who spoke in favour of the boys, declaring that
it was the fair thing for all to share alike. Sullivan and the captain
insisted on the drawing of lots being confined to the boys. There were
high words, in the midst of which Sullivan turned upon O'Brien, snarling—
"'Twould be a good deed to put you out of the way. You deserve it. 'Twould
be the right way to serve you, an' serve you we will."
He started toward O'Brien, with intent to lay hands on him and proceed at
once with the killing, while several others likewise shuffled toward him
and reached for him. He stumbled backwards to escape them, at the same
time crying that he would submit to the drawing of the lots among the
The captain prepared four sticks of different lengths and handed them to
"You're thinkin' the drawin'll not be fair," the latter sneered to
O'Brien. "So it's yerself'll do the drawin'."
To this O'Brien agreed. A handkerchief was tied over his eyes,
blindfolding him, and he knelt down on the deck with his back to Sullivan.
"Whoever you name for the shortest stick'll die," the captain said.
Sullivan held up one of the sticks. The rest were concealed in his hand so
that no one could see whether it was the short stick or not.
"An' whose stick will it be?" Sullivan demanded.
"For little Johnny Sheehan," O'Brien answered.
Sullivan laid the stick aside. Those who looked could not tell if it were
the fatal one. Sullivan held up another stick.
"Whose will it be?"
"For George Burns," was the reply.
The stick was laid with the first one, and a third held up.
"An' whose is this wan?"
"For myself," said O'Brien.
With a quick movement, Sullivan threw the four sticks together. No one had
"'Tis for yourself ye've drawn it," Sullivan announced.
"A good deed," several of the men muttered.
O'Brien was very quiet. He arose to his feet, took the bandage off, and
"Where is ut?" he demanded. "The short stick? The wan for me?"
The captain pointed to the four sticks lying on the deck.
"How do you know the stick was mine?" O'Brien questioned. "Did you see ut,
Johnny Sheehan, who was the youngest of the boys, did not answer.
"Did you see ut?" O'Brien next asked Mahoney.
"No, I didn't see ut."
The men were muttering and growling.
"'Twas a fair drawin'," Sullivan said. "Ye had yer chanct an' ye lost,
that's all iv ut."
"A fair drawin'," the captain added. "Didn't I behold it myself? The stick
was yours, O'Brien, an' ye may as well get ready. Where's the cook?
Gorman, come here. Fetch the tureen cover, some of ye. Gorman, do your
duty like a man."
"But how'll I do it," the cook demanded. He was a weak-eyed, weak-chinned,
"'Tis a damned murder!" O'Brien cried out.
"I'll have none of ut," Mahoney announced. "Not a bite shall pass me
"Then 'tis yer share for better men than yerself," Sullivan sneered. "Go
on with yer duty, cook."
"'Tis not me duty, the killin' of b'ys," Gorman protested irresolutely.
"If yez don't make mate for us, we'll be makin' mate of yerself," Behane
threatened. "Somebody must die, an' as well you as another."
Johnny Sheehan began to cry. O'Brien listened anxiously. His face was
pale. His lips trembled, and at times his whole body shook.
"I signed on as cook," Gorman enounced. "An' cook I wud if galley there
was. But I'll not lay me hand to murder. 'Tis not in the articles. I'm the
"An' cook ye'll be for wan minute more only," Sullivan said grimly, at the
same moment gripping the cook's head from behind and bending it back till
the windpipe and jugular were stretched taut. "Where's yer knife, Mike?
Pass it along."
At the touch of the steel, Gorman whimpered.
"I'll do ut, if yez'll hold the b'y."
The pitiable condition of the cook seemed in some fashion to nerve up
"It's all right, Gorman," he said. "Go on with ut. 'Tis meself knows yer
not wantin' to do ut. It's all right, sir"—this to the captain, who
had laid a hand heavily on his arm. "Ye won't have to hold me, sir. I'll
"Stop yer blitherin', an' go an' get the tureen cover," Behane commanded
Johnny Sheehan, at the same time dealing him a heavy cuff alongside the
The boy, who was scarcely more than a child, fetched the cover. He crawled
and tottered along the deck, so weak was he from hunger. The tears still
ran down his cheeks. Behane took the cover from him, at the same time
administering another cuff.
O'Brien took off his coat and bared his right arm. His under lip still
trembled, but he held a tight grip on himself. The captain's penknife was
opened and passed to Gorman.
"Mahoney, tell me mother what happened to me, if ever ye get back,"
"'Tis black murder, black an' damned," he said. "The b'y's flesh'll do
none iv yez anny good. Mark me words. Ye'll not profit by it, none iv
"Get ready," the captain ordered. "You, Sullivan, hold the cover—that's
it—close up. Spill nothing. It's precious stuff."
Gorman made an effort. The knife was dull. He was weak. Besides, his hand
was shaking so violently that he nearly dropped the knife. The three boys
were crouched apart, in a huddle, crying and sobbing. With the exception
of Mahoney, the men were gathered about the victim, craning their necks to
"Be a man, Gorman," the captain cautioned.
The wretched cook was seized with a spasm of resolution, sawing back and
forth with the blade on O'Brien's wrist. The veins were severed. Sullivan
held the tureen cover close underneath. The cut veins gaped wide, but no
ruddy flood gushed forth. There was no blood at all. The veins were dry
and empty. No one spoke. The grim and silent figures swayed in unison with
each heave of the ship. Every eye was turned fixedly upon that
inconceivable and monstrous thing, the dry veins of a creature that was
"'Tis a warnin'," Mahoney cried. "Lave the b'y alone. Mark me words. His
death'll do none iv yez anny good."
"Try at the elbow—the left elbow, 'tis nearer the heart," the
captain said finally, in a dim and husky voice that was unlike his own.
"Give me the knife," O'Brien said roughly, taking it out of the cook's
hand. "I can't be lookin' at ye puttin' me to hurt."
Quite coolly he cut the vein at the left elbow, but, like the cook, he
failed to bring blood.
"This is all iv no use," Sullivan said. "'Tis better to put him out iv his
misery by bleedin' him at the throat."
The strain had been too much for the lad.
"Don't be doin' ut," he cried. "There'll be no blood in me throat. Give me
a little time. 'Tis cold an' weak I am. Be lettin' me lay down an' slape a
bit. Then I'll be warm an' the blood'll flow."
"'Tis no use," Sullivan objected. "As if ye cud be slapin' at a time like
this. Ye'll not slape, and ye'll not warm up. Look at ye now. You've an
"I was sick at Limerick wan night," O'Brien hurried on, "an' the dochtor
cudn't bleed me. But after slapin' a few hours an' gettin' warm in bed the
blood came freely. It's God's truth I'm tellin' yez. Don't be murderin'
"His veins are open now," the captain said. "'Tis no use leavin' him in
his pain. Do it now an' be done with it."
They started to reach for O'Brien, but he backed away.
"I'll be the death iv yez!" he screamed. "Take yer hands off iv me,
Sullivan! I'll come back! I'll haunt yez! Wakin' or slapin', I'll haunt
yez till you die!"
"'Tis disgraceful!" yelled Behane. "If the short stick'd ben mine, I'd
a-let me mates cut the head off iv me an' died happy."
Sullivan leaped in and caught the unhappy lad by the hair. The rest of the
men followed, O'Brien kicked and struggled, snarling and snapping at the
hands that clutched him from every side. Little Johnny Sheehan broke out
into wild screaming, but the men took no notice of him. O'Brien was bent
backward to the deck, the tureen cover under his neck. Gorman was shoved
forward. Some one had thrust a large sheath-knife into his hand.
"Do yer duty! Do yer duty!" the men cried.
The cook bent over, but he caught the boy's eyes and faltered.
"If ye don't, I'll kill ye with me own hands," Behane shouted.
From every side a torrent of abuse and threats poured in upon the cook.
Still he hung back.
"Maybe there'll be more blood in his veins than O'Brien's," Sullivan
Behane caught Gorman by the hair and twisted his head back, while Sullivan
attempted to take possession of the sheath-knife. But Gorman clung to it
"Lave go, an' I'll do ut!" he screamed frantically. "Don't be cuttin' me
throat! I'll do the deed! I'll do the deed!"
"See that you do it, then," the captain threatened him.
Gorman allowed himself to be shoved forward. He looked at the boy, closed
his eyes, and muttered a prayer. Then, without opening his eyes, he did
the deed that had been appointed him. O'Brien emitted a shriek that sank
swiftly to a gurgling sob. The men held him till his struggles ceased,
when he was laid upon the deck. They were eager and impatient, and with
oaths and threats they urged Gorman to hurry with the preparation of the
"Lave ut, you bloody butchers," Mahoney said quietly. "Lave ut, I tell
yez. Ye'll not be needin' anny iv ut now. 'Tis as I said: ye'll not be
profitin' by the lad's blood. Empty ut overside, Behane. Empty ut
Behane, still holding the tureen cover in both his hands, glanced to
windward. He walked to the rail and threw the cover and contents into the
sea. A full-rigged ship was bearing down upon them a short mile away. So
occupied had they been with the deed just committed, that none had had
eyes for a lookout. All hands watched her coming on—the brightly
coppered forefoot parting the water like a golden knife, the headsails
flapping lazily and emptily at each downward surge, and the towering
canvas tiers dipping and curtsying with each stately swing of the sea. No
As she hove to, a cable length away, the captain of the Francis Spaight
bestirred himself and ordered a tarpaulin to be thrown over O'Brien's
corpse. A boat was lowered from the stranger's side and began to pull
toward them. John Gorman laughed. He laughed softly at first, but he
accompanied each stroke of the oars with spasmodically increasing glee. It
was this maniacal laughter that greeted the rescue boat as it hauled
alongside and the first officer clambered on board.