The Devotee by Rabindranath Tagore
At a time, when my unpopularity with a part of my readers had reached the
nadir of its glory, and my name had become the central orb of the
journals, to be attended through space with a perpetual rotation of
revilement, I felt the necessity to retire to some quiet place and
endeavour to forget my own existence.
I have a house in the country some miles away from Calcutta, where I can
remain unknown and unmolested. The villagers there have not, as yet, come
to any conclusion about me. They know I am no mere holiday-maker or
pleasure-seeker; for I never outrage the silence of the village nights
with the riotous noises of the city. Nor do they regard me as ascetic,
because the little acquaintance they have of me carries the savour of
comfort about it. I am not, to them, a traveller; for, though I am a
vagabond by nature, my wandering through the village fields is aimless.
They are hardly even quite certain whether I am married or single; for
they have never seen me with my children. So, not being able to classify
me in any animal or vegetable kingdom that they know, they have long since
given me up and left me stolidly alone.
But quite lately I have come to know that there is one person in the
village who is deeply interested in me. Our acquaintance began on a sultry
afternoon in July. There had been rain all the morning, and the air was
still wet and heavy with mist, like eyelids when weeping is over.
I sat lazily watching a dappled cow grazing on the high bank of the river.
The afternoon sun was playing on her glossy hide. The simple beauty of
this dress of light made me wonder idly at man's deliberate waste of money
in setting up tailors' shops to deprive his own skin of its natural
While I was thus watching and lazily musing, a woman of middle age came
and prostrated herself before me, touching the ground with her forehead.
She carried in her robe some bunches of flowers, one of which she offered
to me with folded hands. She said to me, as she offered it: "This is an
offering to my God."
She went away. I was so taken aback as she uttered these words, that I
could hardly catch a glimpse of her before she was gone. The whole
incident was entirely simple, but it left a deep impression on my mind;
and as I turned back once more to look at the cattle in the field, the
zest of life in the cow, who was munching the lush grass with deep
breaths, while she whisked off the flies, appeared to me fraught with
mystery. My readers may laugh at my foolishness, but my heart was full of
adoration. I offered my worship to the pure joy of living, which is God's
own life. Then, plucking a tender shoot from the mango tree, I fed the cow
with it from my own hand, and as I did this I had the satisfaction of
having pleased my God.
The next year when I returned to the village it was February. The cold
season still lingered on. The morning sun came into my room, and I was
grateful for its warmth. I was writing, when the servant came to tell me
that a devotee, of the Vishnu cult, wanted to see me. I told him, in an
absent way, to bring her upstairs, and went on with my writing. The
Devotee came in, and bowed to me, touching my feet. I found that she was
the same woman whom I had met, for a brief moment, a year ago.
I was able now to examine her more closely. She was past that age when one
asks the question whether a woman is beautiful or not. Her stature was
above the ordinary height, and she was strongly built; but her body was
slightly bent owing to her constant attitude of veneration. Her manner had
nothing shrinking about it. The most remarkable of her features were her
two eyes. They seemed to have a penetrating power which could make
With those two large eyes of hers, she seemed to push me as she entered.
"What is this?" she asked. "Why have you brought me here before your
throne, my God? I used to see you among the trees; and that was much
better. That was the true place to meet you."
She must have seen me walking in the garden without my seeing her. For the
last few clays, however, I had suffered from a cold, and had been
prevented from going out. I had, perforce, to stay indoors and pay my
homage to the evening sky from my terrace. After a silent pause the
Devotee said to me: "O my God, give me some words of good."
I was quite unprepared for this abrupt request, and answered her on the
spur of the moment: "Good words I neither give nor receive. I simply open
my eyes and keep silence, and then I can at once both hear and see, even
when no sound is uttered. Now, while I am looking at you, it is as good as
listening to your voice."
The Devotee became quite excited as I spoke, and exclaimed: "God speaks to
me, not only with His mouth, but with His whole body."
I said to her: "When I am silent I can listen with my whole body. I have
come away from Calcutta here to listen to that sound."
The Devotee said: "Yes, I know that, and therefore I have come here to sit
Before taking her leave, she again bowed to me, and touched my feet. I
could see that she was distressed, because my feet were covered. She
wished them to be bare.
Early next morning I came out, and sat on my terrace on the roof. Beyond
the line of trees southward I could see the open country chill and
desolate. I could watch the sun rising over the sugar-cane in the East,
beyond the clump of trees at the side of the village. Out of the deep
shadow of those dark trees the village road suddenly appeared. It
stretched forward, winding its way to some distant villages on the
horizon, till it was lost in the grey of the mist.
That morning it was difficult to say whether the sun had risen or not. A
white fog was still clinging to the tops of the trees. I saw the Devotee
walking through the blurred dawn, like a mist-wraith of the morning
twilight. She was singing her chant to God, and sounding her cymbals.
The thick haze lifted at last; and the sun, like the kindly grandsire of
the village, took his seat amid all the work that was going on in home and
When I had just settled down at my writing-table, to appease the hungry
appetite of my editor in Calcutta, there came a sound of footsteps on the
stair, and the Devotee, humming a tune to herself, entered, and bowed
before me. I lifted my head from my papers.
She said to me: "My God, yesterday I took as sacred food what was left
over from your meal."
I was startled, and asked her how she could do that.
"Oh," she said, "I waited at your door in the evening, while you were at
dinner, and took some food from your plate when it was carried out."
This was a surprise to me, for every one in the village knew that I had
been to Europe, and had eaten with Europeans. I was a vegetarian, no
doubt, but the sanctity of my cook would not bear investigation, and the
orthodox regarded my food as polluted.
The Devotee, noticing my sign of surprise, said: "My God, why should I
come to you at all, if I could not take your food?"
I asked her what her own caste people would say. She told me she had
already spread the news far and wide all over the village. The caste
people had shaken their heads, but agreed that she must go her own way.
I found out that the Devotee came from a good family in the country, and
that her mother was well to-do, and desired to keep her daughter. But she
preferred to be a mendicant. I asked her how she made her living. She told
me that her followers had given her a piece of land, and that she begged
her food from door to door. She said to me: "The food which I get by
begging is divine."
After I had thought over what she said, I understood her meaning. When we
get our food precariously as alms, we remember God the giver. But when we
receive our food regularly at home, as a matter of course, we are apt to
regard it as ours by right.
I had a great desire to ask her about her husband. But as she never
mentioned him even indirectly, I did not question her.
I found out very soon that the Devotee had no respect at all for that part
of the village where the people of the higher castes lived.
"They never give," she said, "a single farthing to God's service; and yet
they have the largest share of God's glebe. But the poor worship and
I asked her why she did not go and live among these godless people, and
help them towards a better life. "That," I said with some unction, "would
be the highest form of divine worship."
I had heard sermons of this kind from time to time, and I am rather fond
of copying them myself for the public benefit, when the chance comes.
But the Devotee was not at all impressed. She raised her big round eyes,
and looked straight into mine, and said:
"You mean to say that because God is with the sinners, therefore when you
do them any service you do it to God? Is that so?"
"Yes," I replied, "that is my meaning."
"Of course," she answered almost impatiently, "of course, God is with
them: otherwise, how could they go on living at all? But what is that to
me? My God is not there. My God cannot be worshipped among them; because I
do not find Him there. I seek Him where I can find Him."
As she spoke, she made obeisance to me. What she meant to say was really
this. A mere doctrine of God's omnipresence does not help us. That God is
all-pervading,—this truth may be a mere intangible abstraction, and
therefore unreal to ourselves. Where I can see Him, there is His reality
in my soul.
I need not explain that all the while she showered her devotion on me she
did it to me not as an individual. I was simply a vehicle of her divine
worship. It was not for me either to receive it or to refuse it: for it
was not mine, but God's.
When the Devotee came again, she found me once more engaged with my books
"What have you been doing," she said, with evident vexation, "that my God
should make you undertake such drudgery? Whenever I come, I find you
reading and writing."
"God keeps his useless people busy," I answered; "otherwise they would be
bound to get into mischief. They have to do all the least necessary things
in life. It keeps them out of trouble."
The Devotee told me that she could not bear the encumbrances, with which,
day by day, I was surrounded. If she wanted to see me, she was not allowed
by the servants to come straight upstairs. If she wanted to touch my feet
in worship, there were my socks always in the way. And when she wanted to
have a simple talk with me, she found my mind lost in a wilderness of
This time, before she left me, she folded her hands, and said: "My God! I
felt your feet in my breast this morning. Oh, how cool! And they were
bare, not covered. I held them upon my head for a long time in worship.
That filled my very being. Then, after that, pray what was the use of my
coming to you yourself? Why did I come? My Lord, tell me truly,—wasn't
it a mere infatuation?"
There were some flowers in my vase on the table. While she was there, the
gardener brought some new flowers to put in their place. The Devotee saw
him changing them.
"Is that all?" she exclaimed. "Have you done with the flowers? Then give
them to me."
She held the flowers tenderly in the cup of her hands, and began to gaze
at them with bent head. After a few moments' silence she raised her head
again, and said to me: "You never look at these flowers; therefore they
become stale to you. If you would only look into them, then your reading
and writing would go to the winds."
She tied the flowers together in the end of her robe, and placed them, in
an attitude of worship, on the top of her head, saying reverently: "Let me
carry my God with me."
While she did this, I felt that flowers in our rooms do not receive their
due meed of loving care at our hands. When we stick them in vases, they
are more like a row of naughty schoolboys standing on a form to be
The Devotee came again the same evening, and sat by my feet on the terrace
of the roof.
"I gave away those flowers," she said, "as I went from house to house this
morning, singing God's name. Beni, the head man of our village, laughed at
me for my devotion, and said: 'Why do you waste all this devotion on Him?
Don't you know He is reviled up and down the countryside?' Is that true,
my God? Is it true that they are hard upon you?"
For a moment I shrank into myself. It was a shock to find that the stains
of printers' ink could reach so far.
The Devotee went on: "Beni imagined that he could blow out the flame of my
devotion at one breath! But this is no mere tiny flame: it is a burning
fire. Why do they abuse you, my God?"
I said: "Because I deserved it. I suppose in my greed I was loitering
about to steal people's hearts in secret."
The Devotee said: "Now you see for yourself how little their hearts are
worth. They are full of poison, and this will cure you of your greed."
"When a man," I answered, "has greed in his heart, he is always on the
verge of being beaten. The greed itself supplies his enemies with poison."
"Our merciful God," she replied, "beats us with His own hand, and drives
away all the poison. He who endures God's beating to the end is saved."
That evening the Devotee told me the story of her life. The stars of
evening rose and set behind the trees, as she went on to the end of her
"My husband is very simple. Some people think that he is a simpleton; but
I know that those who understand simply, understand truly. In business and
household management he was able to hold his own. Because his needs were
small, and his wants few, he could manage carefully on what we had. He
would never meddle in other matters, nor try to understand them.
"Both my husband's parents died before we had been married long, and we
were left alone. But my husband always needed some one to be over him. I
am ashamed to confess that he had a sort of reverence for me, and looked
upon me as his superior. But I am sure that he could understand things
better than I, though I had greater powers of talking.
"Of all the people in the world he held his Guru Thakur (spiritual master)
in the highest veneration. Indeed it was not veneration merely but love;
and such love as his is rare.
"Guru Thakur was younger than my husband. Oh! how beautiful he was!
"My husband had played games with him when he was a boy; and from that
time forward he had dedicated his heart and soul to this friend of his
early days. Thakur knew how simple my husband was, and used to tease him
"He and his comrades would play jokes upon him for their own amusement;
but he would bear them all with longsuffering.
"When I married into this family, Guru Thakur was studying at Benares. My
husband used to pay all his expenses. I was eighteen years old when he
returned home to our village.
"At the age of fifteen I had my child. I was so young I did not know how
to take care of him. I was fond of gossip, and liked to be with my village
friends for hours together. I used to get quite cross with my boy when I
was compelled to stay at home and nurse him. Alas! my child-God came into
my life, but His playthings were not ready for Him. He came to the
mother's heart, but the mother's heart lagged behind. He left me in anger;
and ever since I have been searching for Him up and down the world.
"The boy was the joy of his father's life. My careless neglect used to
pain my husband. But his was a mute soul. He has never been able to give
expression to his pain.
"The wonderful thing was this, that in spite of my neglect the child used
to love me more than any one else. He seemed to have the dread that I
would one day go away and leave him. So even when I was with him, he would
watch me with a restless look in his eyes. He had me very little to
himself, and therefore his desire to be with me was always painfully
eager. When I went each day to the river, he used to fret and stretch out
his little arms to be taken with me. But the bathing ghal was my place for
meeting my friends, and I did not care to burden myself with the child.
"It was an early morning in August. Fold after fold of grey clouds had
wrapped the mid-day round with a wet clinging robe. I asked the maid to
take care of the boy, while I went down to the river. The child cried
after me as I went away.
"There was no one there at the bathing ghat when I arrived. As a swimmer,
I was the best among all the village women. The river was quite full with
the rains. I swam out into the middle of the stream some distance from the
"Then I heard a cry from the bank, 'Mother!' I turned my head and saw my
boy coming down the steps, calling me as he came. I shouted to him to
stop, but he went on, laughing and calling. My feet and hands became
cramped with fear. I shut my eyes, afraid to see. When I opened them,
there, at the slippery stairs, my boy's ripple of laughter had disappeared
"I got back to the shore. I raised him from the water. I took him in my
arms, my boy, my darling, who had begged so often in vain for me to take
him. I took him now, but he no more looked in my eyes and called 'Mother.'
"My child-God had come. I had ever neglected Him. I had ever made Him cry.
And now all that neglect began to beat against my own heart, blow upon
blow, blow upon blow. When my boy was with me, I had left him alone. I had
refused to take him with me. And now, when he is dead, his memory clings
to me and never leaves me.
"God alone knows all that my husband suffered. If he had only punished me
for my sin, it would have been better for us both. But he knew only how to
endure in silence, not how to speak.
"When I was almost mad with grief, Guru Thakur came back. In earlier days,
the relation between him and my husband had been that of boyish
friendship. Now, my husband's reverence for his sanctity and learning was
unbounded. He could hardly speak in his presence, his awe of him was so
"My husband asked his Guru to try to give me some consolation. Guru Thakur
began to read and explain to me the scriptures. But I do not think they
had much effect on my mind. All their value for me lay in the voice that
uttered them. God makes the draught of divine life deepest in the heart
for man to drink, through the human voice. He has no better vessel in His
hand than that; and He Himself drinks His divine draught out of the same
"My husband's love and veneration for his Guru filled our house, as
incense fills a temple shrine. I showed that veneration, and had peace. I
saw my God in the form of that Guru. He used to come to take his meal at
our house every morning. The first thought that would come to my mind on
waking from sleep was that of his food as a sacred gift from God. When I
prepared the things for his meal, my fingers would sing for joy.
"When my husband saw my devotion to his Guru, his respect for me greatly
increased. He noticed his Guru's eager desire to explain the scriptures to
me. He used to think that he could never expect to earn any regard from
his Guru himself, on account of his stupidity; but his wife had made up
"Thus another five years went by happily, and my whole life would have
passed like that; but beneath the surface some stealing was going on
somewhere in secret. I could not detect it; but it was detected by the God
of my heart. Then came a day when, in a moment our whole life was turned
"It was a morning in midsummer. I was returning home from bathing, my
clothes all wet, down a shady lane. At the bend of the road, under the
mango tree, I met my Guru Thakur. He had his towel on his shoulder and was
repeating some Sanskrit verses as he was going to take his bath. With my
wet clothes clinging all about me I was ashamed to meet him. I tried to
pass by quickly, and avoid being seen. He called me by my name.
"I stopped, lowering my eyes, shrinking into myself. He fixed his gaze
upon me, and said: 'How beautiful is your body!'
"All the universe of birds seemed to break into song in the branches
overhead. All the bushes in the lane seemed ablaze with flowers. It was as
though the earth and sky and everything had become a riot of intoxicating
"I cannot tell how I got home. I only remember that I rushed into the room
where we worship God. But the room seemed empty. Only before my eyes those
same gold spangles of light were dancing which had quivered in front of me
in that shady lane on my way back from the river.
"Guru Thakur came to take his food that day, and asked my husband where I
had gone. He searched for me, but could not find me anywhere.
"Ah! I have not the same earth now any longer. The same sunlight is not
mine. I called on my God in my dismay, and He kept His face turned away
"The day passed, I know not how. That night I had to meet my husband. But
the night is dark and silent. It is the time when my husband's mind comes
out shining, like stars at twilight. I had heard him speak things in the
dark, and I had been surprised to find how deeply he understood.
"Sometimes I am late in the evening in going to rest on account of
household work. My husband waits for me, seated on the floor, without
going to bed. Our talk at such times had often begun with something about
"That night, when it was past midnight, I came to my room, and found my
husband sleeping on the floor. Without disturbing him I lay down on the
ground at his feet, my head towards him. Once he stretched his feet, while
sleeping, and struck me on the breast. That was his last bequest.
"Next morning, when my husband woke up from his sleep, I was already
sitting by him. Outside the window, over the thick foliage of the
jack-fruit tree, appeared the first pale red of the dawn at the fringe of
the night. It was so early that the crows had not yet begun to call.
"I bowed, and touched my husband's feet with my forehead. He sat up,
starting as if waking from a dream, and looked at my face in amazement. I
"'I have made up my mind. I must leave the world. I cannot belong to you
any longer. I must leave your home.'
"Perhaps my husband thought that he was still dreaming. He said not a
"'Ah! do hear me!' I pleaded with infinite pain. 'Do hear me and
understand! You must marry another wife. I must take my leave.'
"My husband said: 'What is all this wild, mad talk? Who advises you to
leave the world?'
"I said: 'My Guru Thakur.'
"My husband looked bewildered. 'Guru Thakur!' he cried. 'When did he give
you this advice?'
"'In the morning,' I answered, 'yesterday, when I met him on my way back
from the river.'
"His voice trembled a little. He turned, and looked in my face, and asked
me: 'Why did he give you such a behest?'
"'I do not know,' I answered. 'Ask him! He will tell you himself, if he
"My husband said: 'It is possible to leave the world, even when continuing
to live in it. You need not leave my home. I will speak to my Guru about
"'Your Guru,' I said, 'may accept your petition; but my heart will never
give its consent. I must leave your home. From henceforth, the world is no
more to me.'
"My husband remained silent, and we sat there on the floor in the dark.
When it was light, he said to me: 'Let us both come to him.'
"I folded my hands and said: 'I shall never meet him again.'
"He looked into my face. I lowered my eyes. He said no more. I knew that,
somehow, he had seen into my mind, and understood what was there. In this
world of mine, there were only two who loved me best—my boy and my
husband. That love was my God, and therefore it could brook no falsehood.
One of these two left me, and I left the other. Now I must have truth, and
She touched the ground at my feet, rose and bowed to me, and departed.