A Society for the Reformation of Poker
by Robert Barr
"O Unseen Hand that ever makes and deals us,
And plays our game!
That now obscures and then to light reveals us,
Serves blanks of fame
How vain our shuffling, bluff and weak pretending!
Tis Thou alone can name the final ending"
The seductive game of poker is one that I do not understand. I do not
care to understand it, because it cannot be played without the putting
up of a good deal of the coin of the realm, and although I have nothing
to say against betting, my own theory of conduct in the matter is this,
that I want no man's money which I do not earn, and I do not want any
man to get my money unless he earns it. So it happens, in the matter of
cards, I content myself with euchre and other games which do not require
the wagering of money.
On board the Atlantic steamers there is always more or less gambling. I
have heard it said that men make trips to and fro merely for the purpose
of fleecing their fellow-passengers; but, except in one instance, I
never had any experience with this sort of thing.
Our little society for the reformation of poker players, or to speak
more correctly, for the reformation of one particular poker player, was
formed one bright starlight night, latitude such a number, and longitude
something else, as four of us sat on a seat at the extreme rear end of
the great steamer. We four, with one other, sat at a small table in
the saloon. One of the small tables on a Transatlantic steamer is very
pleasant if you have a nice crowd with you. A seat at a small table
compares with a seat at the large table as living in a village compares
with living in a city. You have some individuality at the short table;
you are merely one of a crowd at the long table. Our small table was not
quite full. I had the honour of sitting at the head of it, and on each
side of me were two young fellows, making five altogether. We all rather
prided ourselves on the fact that there were no ladies at our little
The young Englishman who sat at my right hand at the corner of the table
was going out to America to learn farming. I could, myself, have taught
him a good deal about it, but I refrained from throwing cold water on
his enthusiastic ideas about American agriculture. His notion was that
it was an occupation mostly made up of hunting and fishing, and having
a good time generally. The profits, he thought, were large and easily
acquired. He had guns with him, and beautiful fishing-rods, and things
of that sort. He even had a vague idea that he might be able to
introduce fox-hunting in the rural district to which he was going. He
understood, and regretted the fact, that we in the United States were
rather behind-hand in the matter of fox-hunting. He had a good deal of
money with him, I understood, and he had already paid a hundred pounds
to a firm in England that had agreed to place him on a farm in America.
Of course, now that the money had been paid, there was no use in telling
the young man he had been a fool. He would find that out soon enough
when he got to America. Henry Storm was his name, and a milder mannered
man with a more unsuitable name could hardly be found. The first two or
three days out he was the life of our party. We all liked him, in fact,
nobody could help liking him; but, as the voyage progressed, he grew
more and more melancholy, and, what was really serious, took little
food, which is not natural in an Englishman. I thought somebody had
been telling him what a fool he had been to pay away his hundred pounds
before leaving England, but young Smith of Rochester, who sat at my
left, told me what the trouble was one day as we walked the deck. "Do
you know," he began, "that Henry Storm is being robbed?"
"Being robbed?" I answered; "you mean he has been robbed."
"Well, has been, and is being, too. The thing is going on yet. He is
playing altogether too much poker in the smoking-room, and has lost a
pile of money—more, I imagine, than he can well afford."
"That's what's the trouble with him, is it? Well, he ought to know
better than to play for bigger stakes than he can afford to lose."
"Oh, it's easy to say that; but he's in the hands of a swindler, of a
professional gambler. You see that man?" He lowered his voice as he
spoke, and I looked in the direction of his glance. By this time we
knew, in a way, everybody on board the ship. The particular man Smith
pointed out was a fellow I had noticed a good deal, who was very quiet
and gentlemanly, interfering with nobody, and talking with few. I had
spoken to him once, but he had answered rather shortly, and, apparently
to his relief, and certainly to my own, our acquaintance ceased where it
began. He had jet black beard and hair, both rather closely clipped; and
he wore a fore and aft cap, which never improves a man's appearance very
"That man," continued Smith, as he passed us, "was practically under
arrest for gambling on the steamer in which I came over. It seems that
he is a regular professional gambler, who does nothing but go across the
ocean and back again, fleecing young fellows like Storm."
"Does he cheat?" I asked.
"He doesn't need to. He plays poker. An old hand, and a cool one, has
no occasion to cheat at that game to get a young one's money away from
"Then why doesn't some one warn young Storm?"
"Well, that's just what I wanted to speak to you about. I think it ought
to be done. I think we should call a meeting of our table, somewhere out
here in the quiet, and have a talk over it, and make up our mind what
is to be done. It's a delicate matter, you know, and I am afraid we are
a little late as it is. I do believe young Storm has lost nearly all his
money to that fellow."
"Can't he be made to disgorge?"
"How? The money has been won fairly enough, as that sort of thing goes.
Other fellows have played with them. It isn't as if he had been caught
cheating—he hasn't, and won't be. He doesn't cheat—he doesn't need to,
as I said before. Now that gambler pretends he is a commercial traveller
from Buffalo. I know Buffalo down to the ground, so I took him aside
yesterday and said plumply to him, 'What firm in Buffalo do you
represent?' He answered shortly that his business was his own affair.
I said, 'Certainly it is, and you are quite right in keeping it dark.
When I was coming over to Europe, I saw a man in your line of business
who looked very much like you, practically put under arrest by the
purser for gambling. You were travelling for a St. Louis house then.'"
"What did he say to that?"
"Nothing; he just gave me one of those sly, sinister looks of his,
turned on his heel, and left me."
The result of this conversation was the inauguration of the Society for
the Reforming of a Poker Player. It was agreed between us that if young
Storm had lost all his money we would subscribe enough as a loan to take
care of him until he got a remittance from home. Of course we knew that
any young fellow who goes out to America to begin farming, does not,
as a general rule, leave people in England exceedingly well off, and
probably this fact, more than any other, accounted for the remorse
visible on Storm's countenance. We knew quite well that the offering of
money to him would be a very delicate matter, but it was agreed that
Smith should take this in hand if we saw the offer was necessary. Then
I, as the man who sat at the head of the table, was selected to speak to
young Storm, and, if possible, get him to abandon poker. I knew this was
a somewhat impudent piece of business on my part, and so I took that
evening to determine how best to perform the task set for me. I resolved
to walk the deck with him in the morning, and have a frank talk over the
When the morning came, I took young Storm's arm and walked two or three
turns up and down the deck, but all the while I could not get up courage
enough to speak with him in relation to gambling. When he left me, I
again thought over the matter. I concluded to go into the smoking-room
myself, sit down beside him, see him lose some money and use that fact
as a test for my coming discourse on the evils of gambling. After
luncheon I strolled into the smoking-room, and there sat this dark-faced
man with his half-closed eyes opposite young Storm, while two others
made up the four-handed game of poker.
Storm's face was very pale, and his lips seemed dry, for he moistened
them every now and then as the game went on. He was sitting on the sofa,
and I sat down beside him, paying no heed to the dark gambler's look of
annoyance. However, the alleged Buffalo man said nothing, for he was not
a person who did much talking. Storm paid no attention to me as I sat
down beside him. The gambler had just dealt. It was very interesting to
see the way he looked at his hand. He allowed merely the edges of the
cards to show over each other, and then closed up his hand and seemed
to know just what he had. When young Storm looked at his hand he gave a
sort of gasp, and for the first time cast his eyes upon me. I had seen
his hand, but did not know whether it was a good one or not. I imagined
it was not very good, because all the cards were of a low denomination.
Threes or fours I think, but four of the cards had a like number of
spots. There was some money in the centre of the table. Storm pushed a
half-crown in front of him, and the next man did the same. The gambler
put down a half-sovereign, and the man at his left, after a moment's
hesitation, shoved out an equal amount from the pile of gold in front of
Young Storm pushed out a sovereign.
"I'm out," said the man whose next bet it was, throwing down his cards.
The gambler raised it a sovereign, and the man at his left dropped out.
It now rested between Storm and the gambler. Storm increased the bet a
sovereign. The gambler then put on a five-pound note.
Storm said to me huskily, "Have you any money?"
"Yes," I answered him.
"Lend me five pounds if you can."
Now, the object of my being there was to stop gambling, not to encourage
it. I was the president pro tem, of the Society for the Reformation of
Poker Players, yet I dived into my pocket, pulled out my purse under the
table and slipped a five-pound note into his hand. He put that on the
table as if he had just taken it from his own pocket.
"I call you," he said.
"What have you got?" asked the gambler.
"Four fours," said Storm, putting down his hand.
The gambler closed up his and threw the cards over to the man who was to
deal. Storm paused a moment and then pulled towards him the money in the
centre of the table and handed me my five-pound note.
When the cards were next dealt, Storm seemed to have rather an ordinary
hand, so apparently had all the rest, and there was not much money in
the pile. But, poor as Storm's hand was, the rest appeared to be poorer,
and he raked in the cash. This went on for two or three deals, and
finding that, as Storm was winning all the time, although not heavily, I
was not getting an object lesson against gambling, I made a move to go.
"Stay where you are," whispered Storm to me, pinching my knee with his
hand so hard that I almost cried out.
Then it came to the gambler's turn to deal again. All the time he deftly
shuffled the cards he watched the players with that furtive glance of
his from out his half-shut eyes.
Storm's hand was a remarkable one, after he had drawn two cards, but I
did not know whether it had any special value or not. The other players
drew three cards each, and the gambler took one.
"How much money have you got?" whispered Storm to me.
"I don't know," I said, "perhaps a hundred pounds."
"Be prepared to lend me every penny of it," he whispered.
I said nothing; but I never knew the president of a society for the
suppression of gambling to be in such a predicament.
Storm bet a sovereign. The player to his left threw down his hand. The
gambler pushed out two sovereigns. The other player went out.
Storm said, "I see your bet, and raise you another sovereign." The
gambler, without saying a word, shoved forward some more gold.
"Get your money ready," whispered Storm to I did not quite like his
tone, but I made allowance for the excitement under which he was
He threw on a five-pound note. The gambler put down another five-pound
note, and then, as if it were the slightest thing possible, put a
ten-pound note on top of that, which made the side players gasp. Storm
had won sufficient to cover the bet and raise it. After that I had to
feed in to him five-pound notes, keeping count of their number on my
fingers as I did so. The first to begin to hesitate about putting money
forward was the gambler. He shot a glance now and again from under his
eyebrows at the young man opposite. Finally, when my last five-pound
note had been thrown on the pile, the gambler spoke for the first time.
"I call you," he said.
"Put down another five-pound note," cried the young man.
"I have called you," said the gambler.
Henry Storm half rose from his seat in his excitement. "Put down another
five-pound note, if you dare."
"That isn't poker," said the gambler. "I have called you. What have you
"Put down another five-pound note, and I'll put a ten-pound note on top
"I say that isn't poker. You have been called. What have you got?"
"I'll bet you twenty pounds against your five-pound note, if you dare
put it down."
By this time Storm was standing up, quivering with excitement, his cards
tightly clenched in his hand. The gambler sat opposite him calm and
"What have you got?" said Storm.
"I called you," said the gambler, "show your hand."
"Yes; but when I called you, you asked me what I had, and I told you.
What have you got?"
"I am not afraid to show my hand," said the gambler, and he put down on
the table four aces.
"There's the king of hearts," said Storm, putting it down on the table.
"There's the queen of hearts, there's the knave of hearts, there's the
ten of hearts. Now," he cried, waving his other card in the air, "can
you tell me what this card is?"
"I am sure I don't know," answered the gambler, quietly, "probably the
nine of hearts."
"It is the nine of hearts," shouted Storm, placing it down beside the
The gambler quietly picked up the cards, and handed them to the man who
was to deal. Storm's hands were trembling with excitement as he pulled
the pile of bank notes and gold towards him. He counted out what I had
given him, and passed it to me under the table. The rest he thrust into
"Come," I said, "it is time to go. Don't strain your luck."
"Another five pounds," he whispered; "sit where you are."
"Nonsense," I said, "another five pounds will certainly mean that you
lose, everything you have won. Come away, I want to talk with you."
"Another five pounds, I have sworn it."
"Very well, I shall not stay here any longer."
"No, no," he cried eagerly; "sit where you are, sit where you are."
There was a grim thin smile on the lips of the gambler as this whispered
conversation took place.
When the next hand was dealt around and Storm looked at his cards, he
gave another gasp of delight. I thought that a poker player should not
be so free with his emotions; but of course I said nothing. When it came
his time to bet, he planked down a five-pound note on the table. The
other two, as was usual, put down their cards. They were evidently very
timorous players. The gambler hesitated for a second, then he put a
ten-pound note on Storm's five-pounds. Storm at once saw him, and raised
him ten. The gambler hesitated longer this time, but at last he said, "I
shall not bet. What have you got?"
"Do you call me?" asked Storm. "Put up your money if you do."
"No, I do not call you."
Storm laughed and threw his cards face up on the table. "I have
nothing," he said, "I have bluffed you for once."
"It is very often done," answered the gambler, quietly, as Storm drew
in his pile of money, stuffing it again in his coat pocket. "Your deal,
"No, sir," said the young man, rising up; "I'll never touch a poker hand
again. I have got my own money back and five or ten pounds over. I know
when I've had enough."
Although it was Storm's deal, the gambler had the pack of cards in his
hand idly shuffling them to and fro.
"I have often heard," he said slowly without raising his eyes, "that
when one fool sits down beside another fool at poker, the player has the
luck of two fools—but I never believed it before."