A New Departure in Chrysanthemums
by A. H. Fewkes
Fig. 1.—Chrysanthemum—Mrs. Alpheus Hardy.
THE Chrysanthemum of which the figure gives a good representation
is one of a collection of some thirty varieties
lately sent from Japan to the lady for whom it has been named,
Mrs. Alpheus Hardy of Boston, by a young Japanese once a
protégé of hers, but now returned as a teacher to his native
country. As may be seen, it is quite distinct from any variety
known in this country or Europe, and the Japanese botanist
Miyabe, who saw it at Cambridge, pronounces it a radical departure
from any with which he is acquainted.
The photograph from which the engraving was made was
taken just as the petals had begun to fall back from the centre,
showing to good advantage the peculiarities of the variety.
The flower is of pure white, with the firm, long and broad
petals strongly incurved at the extremities. Upon the back or
outer surface of this incurved portion will be found, in the
form of quite prominent hairs, the peculiarity which makes
this variety unique.
Fig. 2.—Hair from Petal of
Chrysanthemum, much enlarged.
a—resin drop. b—epidermis
of petal with wavy cells.
These hairs upon close examination
are found to be a glandular outgrowth
of the epidermis of the petals, multi-cellular
in structure and with a minute
drop of a yellow resinous substance at
the tip. The cells at first conform to
the wavy character of those of the epidermis,
but gradually become prismatic
with straight walls, as shown in
the engraving of one of the hairs,
which was made from a drawing furnished
by Miss Grace Cooley, of the
Department of Botany at Wellesley
College, who made a microscopic investigation
This is one of those surprises that
occasionally make their appearance
from Japan. Possibly it is a chance
seedling; but since one or two other specimens in the collection
are striking in form, and others are distinguished for depth
and purity of color, it is more probable that the best of them
have been developed by careful selection.
This Chrysanthemum was exhibited at the Boston Chrysanthemum
Show last December by Edwin Fewkes & Son of
Newton Highlands, Mass.