Charley's Coup by
Perhaps our most laughable exploit on the fish patrol, and at the
same time our most dangerous one, was when we rounded in, at a single
haul, an even score of wrathful fishermen. Charley called it a
“coop,” having heard Neil Partington use the term; but I
think he misunderstood the word, and thought it meant “coop,”
to catch, to trap. The fishermen, however, coup or coop, must
have called it a Waterloo, for it was the severest stroke ever dealt
them by the fish patrol, while they had invited it by open and impudent
defiance of the law.
During what is called the “open season” the fishermen
might catch as many salmon as their luck allowed and their boats could
hold. But there was one important restriction. From sun-down
Saturday night to sun-up Monday morning, they were not permitted to
set a net. This was a wise provision on the part of the Fish Commission,
for it was necessary to give the spawning salmon some opportunity to
ascend the river and lay their eggs. And this law, with only an
occasional violation, had been obediently observed by the Greek fishermen
who caught salmon for the canneries and the market.
One Sunday morning, Charley received a telephone call from a friend
in Collinsville, who told him that the full force of fishermen was out
with its nets. Charley and I jumped into our salmon boat and started
for the scene of the trouble. With a light favoring wind at our
back we went through the Carquinez Straits, crossed Suisun Bay, passed
the Ship Island Light, and came upon the whole fleet at work.
But first let me describe the method by which they worked.
The net used is what is known as a gill-net. It has a simple diamond-shaped
mesh which measures at least seven and one-half inches between the knots.
From five to seven and even eight hundred feet in length, these nets
are only a few feet wide. They are not stationary, but float with
the current, the upper edge supported on the surface by floats, the
lower edge sunk by means of leaden weights,
This arrangement keeps the net upright in the current and effectually
prevents all but the smaller fish from ascending the river. The
salmon, swimming near the surface, as is their custom, run their heads
through these meshes, and are prevented from going on through by their
larger girth of body, and from going back because of their gills, which
catch in the mesh. It requires two fishermen to set such a net,—one
to row the boat, while the other, standing in the stern, carefully pays
out the net. When it is all out, stretching directly across the
stream, the men make their boat fast to one end of the net and drift
along with it.
As we came upon the fleet of law-breaking fishermen, each boat two
or three hundred yards from its neighbors, and boats and nets dotting
the river as far as we could see, Charley said:
“I’ve only one regret, lad, and that is that I have’nt
a thousand arms so as to be able to catch them all. As it is,
we’ll only be able to catch one boat, for while we are tackling
that one it will be up nets and away with the rest.”
As we drew closer, we observed none of the usual flurry and excitement
which our appearance invariably produced. Instead, each boat lay
quietly by its net, while the fishermen favored us with not the slightest
“It’s curious,” Charley muttered. “Can
it be they don’t recognize us?”
I said that it was impossible, and Charley agreed; yet there was
a whole fleet, manned by men who knew us only too well, and who took
no more notice of us than if we were a hay scow or a pleasure yacht.
This did not continue to be the case, however, for as we bore down
upon the nearest net, the men to whom it belonged detached their boat
and rowed slowly toward the shore. The rest of the boats showed
no, sign of uneasiness.
“That’s funny,” was Charley’s remark.
“But we can confiscate the net, at any rate.”
We lowered sail, picked up one end of the net, and began to heave
it into the boat. But at the first heave we heard a bullet zip-zipping
past us on the water, followed by the faint report of a rifle.
The men who had rowed ashore were shooting at us. At the next
heave a second bullet went zipping past, perilously near. Charley
took a turn around a pin and sat down. There were no more shots.
But as soon as he began to heave in, the shooting recommenced.
“That settles it,” he said, flinging the end of the net
overboard. “You fellows want it worse than we do, and you
can have it.”
We rowed over toward the next net, for Charley was intent on finding
out whether or not we were face to face with an organized defiance.
As we approached, the two fishermen proceeded to cast off from their
net and row ashore, while the first two rowed back and made fast to
the net we had abandoned. And at the second net we were greeted
by rifle shots till we desisted and went on to the third, where the
manoeuvre was again repeated.
Then we gave it up, completely routed, and hoisted sail and started
on the long windward beat back to Benicia. A number of Sundays
went by, on each of which the law was persistently violated. Yet,
short of an armed force of soldiers, we could do nothing. The
fishermen had hit upon a new idea and were using it for all it was worth,
while there seemed no way by which we could get the better of them.
About this time Neil Partington happened along from the Lower Bay,
where he had been for a number of weeks. With him was Nicholas,
the Greek boy who had helped us in our raid on the oyster pirates, and
the pair of them took a hand. We made our arrangements carefully.
It was planned that while Charley and I tackled the nets, they were
to be hidden ashore so as to ambush the fishermen who landed to shoot
It was a pretty plan. Even Charley said it was. But we
reckoned not half so well as the Greeks. They forestalled us by
ambushing Neil and Nicholas and taking them prisoners, while, as of
old, bullets whistled about our ears when Charley and I attempted to
take possession of the nets. When we were again beaten off, Neil
Partington and Nicholas were released. They were rather shamefaced
when they put in an appearance, and Charley chaffed them unmercifully.
But Neil chaffed back, demanding to know why Charley’s imagination
had not long since overcome the difficulty.
“Just you wait; the idea’ll come all right,” Charley
“Most probably,” Neil agreed. “But I’m
afraid the salmon will be exterminated first, and then there will be
no need for it when it does come.”
Neil Partington, highly disgusted with his adventure, departed for
the Lower Bay, taking Nicholas with him, and Charley and I were left
to our own resources. This meant that the Sunday fishing would
be left to itself, too, until such time as Charley’s idea happened
along. I puzzled my head a good deal to find out some way of checkmating
the Greeks, as also did Charley, and we broached a thousand expedients
which on discussion proved worthless.
The fishermen, on the other hand, were in high feather, and their
boasts went up and down the river to add to our discomfiture.
Among all classes of them we became aware of a growing insubordination.
We were beaten, and they were losing respect for us. With the
loss of respect, contempt began to arise. Charley began to be
spoken of as the “olda woman,” and I received my rating
as the “pee-wee kid.” The situation was fast becoming
unbearable, and we knew that we should have to deliver a stunning stroke
at the Greeks in order to regain the old-time respect in which we had
Then one morning the idea came. We were down on Steamboat Wharf,
where the river steamers made their landings, and where we found a group
of amused long-shoremen and loafers listening to the hard-luck tale
of a sleepy-eyed young fellow in long sea-boots. He was a sort
of amateur fisherman, he said, fishing for the local market of Berkeley.
Now Berkeley was on the Lower Bay, thirty miles away. On the previous
night, he said, he had set his net and dozed off to sleep in the bottom
of the boat.
The next he knew it was morning, and he opened his eyes to find his
boat rubbing softly against the piles of Steamboat Wharf at Benicia.
Also he saw the river steamer Apache lying ahead of him, and
a couple of deck-hands disentangling the shreds of his net from the
paddle-wheel. In short, after he had gone to sleep, his fisherman’s
riding light had gone out, and the Apache had run over his net.
Though torn pretty well to pieces, the net in some way still remained
foul, and he had had a thirty-mile tow out of his course.
Charley nudged me with his elbow. I grasped his thought on
the instant, but objected:
“We can’t charter a steamboat.”
“Don’t intend to,” he rejoined. “But
let’s run over to Turner’s Shipyard. I’ve something
in my mind there that may be of use to us.”
And over we went to the shipyard, where Charley led the way to the
Mary Rebecca, lying hauled out on the ways, where she was being
cleaned and overhauled. She was a scow-schooner we both knew well,
carrying a cargo of one hundred and forty tons and a spread of canvas
greater than other schooner on the bay.
“How d’ye do, Ole,” Charley greeted a big blue-shirted
Swede who was greasing the jaws of the main gaff with a piece of pork
Ole grunted, puffed away at his pipe, and went on greasing.
The captain of a bay schooner is supposed to work with his hands just
as well as the men.
Ole Ericsen verified Charley’s conjecture that the Mary
Rebecca, as soon as launched, would run up the San Joaquin River
nearly to Stockton for a load of wheat. Then Charley made his
proposition, and Ole Ericsen shook his head.
“Just a hook, one good-sized hook,” Charley pleaded.
“No, Ay tank not,” said Ole Ericsen. “Der
Mary Rebecca yust hang up on efery mud-bank with that hook.
Ay don’t want to lose der Mary Rebecca. She’s
all Ay got.”
“No, no,” Charley hurried to explain. “We
can put the end of the hook through the bottom from the outside, and
fasten it on the inside with a nut. After it’s done its
work, why, all we have to do is to go down into the hold, unscrew the
nut, and out drops the hook. Then drive a wooden peg into the
hole, and the Mary Rebecca will be all right again.”
Ole Ericsen was obstinate for a long time; but in the end, after
we had had dinner with him, he was brought round to consent.
“Ay do it, by Yupiter!” he said, striking one huge fist
into the palm of the other hand. “But yust hurry you up
wid der hook. Der Mary Rebecca slides into der water
It was Saturday, and Charley had need to hurry. We headed for
the shipyard blacksmith shop, where, under Charley’s directions,
a most generously curved book of heavy steel was made. Back we
hastened to the Mary Rebecca. Aft of the great centre-board
case, through what was properly her keel, a hole was bored. The
end of the hook was inserted from the outside, and Charley, on the inside,
screwed the nut on tightly. As it stood complete, the hook projected
over a foot beneath the bottom of the schooner. Its curve was
something like the curve of a sickle, but deeper.
In the late afternoon the Mary Rebecca was launched, and preparations
were finished for the start up-river next morning. Charley and
Ole intently studied the evening sky for signs of wind, for without
a good breeze our project was doomed to failure. They agreed that
there were all the signs of a stiff westerly wind—not the ordinary
afternoon sea-breeze, but a half-gale, which even then was springing
Next morning found their predictions verified. The sun was
shining brightly, but something more than a half-gale was shrieking
up the Carquinez Straits, and the Mary Rebecca got under way
with two reefs in her mainsail and one in her foresail. We found
it quite rough in the Straits and in Suisun Bay; but as the water grew
more land-locked it became calm, though without let-up in the wind.
Off Ship Island Light the reefs were shaken out, and at Charley’s
suggestion a big fisherman’s staysail was made all ready for hoisting,
and the maintopsail, bunched into a cap at the masthead, was overhauled
so that it could be set on an instant’s notice.
We were tearing along, wing-and-wing, before the wind, foresail to
starboard and mainsail to port, as we came upon the salmon fleet.
There they were, boats and nets, as on that first Sunday when they had
bested us, strung out evenly over the river as far as we could see.
A narrow space on the right-hand side of the channel was left clear
for steamboats, but the rest of the river was covered with the wide-stretching
nets. The narrow space was our logical course, but Charley, at
the wheel, steered the Mary Rebecca straight for the nets.
This did not cause any alarm among the fishermen, because up-river sailing
craft are always provided with “shoes” on the ends of their
keels, which permit them to slip over the nets without fouling them.
“Now she takes it!” Charley cried, as we dashed across
the middle of a line of floats which marked a net. At one end
of this line was a small barrel buoy, at the other the two fishermen
in their boat. Buoy and boat at once began to draw together, and
the fishermen to cry out, as they were jerked after us. A couple
of minutes later we hooked a second net, and then a third, and in this
fashion we tore straight up through the centre of the fleet.
The consternation we spread among the fishermen was tremendous.
As fast as we hooked a net the two ends of it, buoy and boat, came together
as they dragged out astern; and so many buoys and boats, coming together
at such breakneck speed, kept the fishermen on the jump to avoid smashing
into one another. Also, they shouted at us like mad to heave to
into the wind, for they took it as some drunken prank on the part of
scow-sailors, little dreaming that we were the fish patrol.
The drag of a single net is very heavy, and Charley and Ole Ericsen
decided that even in such a wind ten nets were all the Mary Rebecca
could take along with her. So when we had hooked ten nets, with
ten boats containing twenty men streaming along behind us, we veered
to the left out of the fleet and headed toward Collinsville.
We were all jubilant. Charley was handling the wheel as though
he were steering the winning yacht home in a race. The two sailors
who made up the crew of the Mary Rebecca, were grinning and joking.
Ole Ericsen was rubbing his huge hands in child-like glee.
“Ay tank you fish patrol fallers never ban so lucky as when
you sail with Ole Ericsen,” he was saying, when a rifle cracked
sharply astern, and a bullet gouged along the newly painted cabin, glanced
on a nail, and sang shrilly onward into space.
This was too much for Ole Ericsen. At sight of his beloved
paintwork thus defaced, he jumped up and shook his fist at the fishermen;
but a second bullet smashed into the cabin not six inches from his head,
and he dropped down to the deck under cover of the rail.
All the fishermen had rifles, and they now opened a general fusillade.
We were all driven to cover—even Charley, who was compelled to
desert the wheel. Had it not been for the heavy drag of the nets,
we would inevitably have broached to at the mercy of the enraged fishermen.
But the nets, fastened to the bottom of the Mary Rebecca well
aft, held her stern into the wind, and she continued to plough on, though
Charley, lying on the deck, could just manage to reach the lower
spokes of the wheel; but while he could steer after a fashion, it was
very awkward. Ole Ericsen bethought himself of a large piece of
sheet steel in the empty hold.
It was in fact a plate from the side of the New Jersey,
a steamer which had recently been wrecked outside the Golden Gate, and
in the salving of which the Mary Rebecca had taken part.
Crawling carefully along the deck, the two sailors, Ole, and myself
got the heavy plate on deck and aft, where we reared it as a shield
between the wheel and the fishermen. The bullets whanged and banged
against it till it rang like a bull’s-eye, but Charley grinned
in its shelter, and coolly went on steering.
So we raced along, behind us a howling, screaming bedlam of wrathful
Greeks, Collinsville ahead, and bullets spat-spatting all around us.
“Ole,” Charley said in a faint voice, “I don’t
know what we’re going to do.”
Ole Ericsen, lying on his back close to the rail and grinning upward
at the sky, turned over on his side and looked at him. “Ay
tank we go into Collinsville yust der same,” he said.
“But we can’t stop,” Charley groaned. “I
never thought of it, but we can’t stop.”
A look of consternation slowly overspread Ole Ericsen’s broad
face. It was only too true. We had a hornet’s nest
on our hands, and to stop at Collinsville would be to have it about
“Every man Jack of them has a gun,” one of the sailors
“Yes, and a knife, too,” the other sailor added.
It was Ole Ericsen’s turn to groan. “What for a
Svaidish faller like me monkey with none of my biziness, I don’t
know,” he soliloquized.
A bullet glanced on the stern and sang off to starboard like a spiteful
bee. “There’s nothing to do but plump the Mary
Rebecca ashore and run for it,” was the verdict of the first
“And leaf der Mary Rebecca?” Ole demanded, with
unspeakable horror in his voice.
“Not unless you want to,” was the response. “But
I don’t want to be within a thousand miles of her when those fellers
come aboard”—indicating the bedlam of excited Greeks towing
We were right in at Collinsville then, and went foaming by within
biscuit-toss of the wharf.
“I only hope the wind holds out,” Charley said, stealing
a glance at our prisoners.
“What of der wind?” Ole demanded disconsolately.
“Der river will not hold out, and then . . . and then . . .”
“It’s head for tall timber, and the Greeks take the hindermost,”
adjudged the cheerful sailor, while Ole was stuttering over what would
happen when we came to the end of the river.
We had now reached a dividing of the ways. To the left was
the mouth of the Sacramento River, to the right the mouth of the San
Joaquin. The cheerful sailor crept forward and jibed over the
foresail as Charley put the helm to starboard and we swerved to the
right into the San Joaquin. The wind, from which we had been running
away on an even keel, now caught us on our beam, and the Mary Rebecca
was pressed down on her port side as if she were about to capsize.
Still we dashed on, and still the fishermen dashed on behind.
The value of their nets was greater than the fines they would have to
pay for violating the fish laws; so to cast off from their nets and
escape, which they could easily do, would profit them nothing.
Further, they remained by their nets instinctively, as a sailor remains
by his ship. And still further, the desire for vengeance was roused,
and we could depend upon it that they would follow us to the ends of
the earth, if we undertook to tow them that far.
The rifle-firing had ceased, and we looked astern to see what our
prisoners were doing. The boats were strung along at unequal distances
apart, and we saw the four nearest ones bunching together. This
was done by the boat ahead trailing a small rope astern to the one behind.
When this was caught, they would cast off from their net and heave in
on the line till they were brought up to the boat in front. So
great was the speed at which we were travelling, however, that this
was very slow work. Sometimes the men would strain to their utmost
and fail to get in an inch of the rope; at other times they came ahead
When the four boats were near enough together for a man to pass from
one to another, one Greek from each of three got into the nearest boat
to us, taking his rifle with him. This made five in the foremost
boat, and it was plain that their intention was to board us. This
they undertook to do, by main strength and sweat, running hand over
hand the float-line of a net. And though it was slow, and they
stopped frequently to rest, they gradually drew nearer.
Charley smiled at their efforts, and said, “Give her the topsail,
The cap at the mainmast head was broken out, and sheet and downhaul
pulled flat, amid a scattering rifle fire from the boats; and the Mary
Rebecca lay over and sprang ahead faster than ever.
But the Greeks were undaunted. Unable, at the increased speed,
to draw themselves nearer by means of their hands, they rigged from
the blocks of their boat sail what sailors call a “watch-tackle.”
One of them, held by the legs by his mates, would lean far over the
bow and make the tackle fast to the float-line. Then they would
heave in on the tackle till the blocks were together, when the manoeuvre
would be repeated.
“Have to give her the staysail,” Charley said.
Ole Ericsen looked at the straining Mary Rebecca and
shook his head. “It will take der masts out of her,”
“And we’ll be taken out of her if you don’t,”
Ole shot an anxious glance at his masts, another at the boat load
of armed Greeks, and consented.
The five men were in the bow of the boat—a bad place when a
craft is towing. I was watching the behavior of their boat as
the great fisherman’s staysail, far, far larger than the top-sail
and used only in light breezes, was broken out. As the Mary
Rebecca lurched forward with a tremendous jerk, the nose of the
boat ducked down into the water, and the men tumbled over one another
in a wild rush into the stern to save the boat from being dragged sheer
“That settles them!” Charley remarked, though he was
anxiously studying the behavior of the Mary Rebecca, which was
being driven under far more canvas than she was rightly able to carry.
“Next stop is Antioch!” announced the cheerful sailor,
after the manner of a railway conductor. “And next comes
“Come here, quick,” Charley said to me.
I crawled across the deck and stood upright beside him in the shelter
of the sheet steel.
“Feel in my inside pocket,” he commanded, “and
get my notebook. That’s right. Tear out a blank page
and write what I tell you.”
And this is what I wrote:
Telephone to Merryweather, to the sheriff, the constable, or the
judge. Tell them we are coming and to turn out the town.
Arm everybody. Have them down on the wharf to meet us or we are
“Now make it good and fast to that marlin-spike, and stand
by to toss it ashore.”
I did as he directed. By then we were close to Antioch.
The wind was shouting through our rigging, the Mary Rebecca was
half over on her side and rushing ahead like an ocean greyhound.
The seafaring folk of Antioch had seen us breaking out topsail and staysail,
a most reckless performance in such weather, and had hurried to the
wharf-ends in little groups to find out what was the matter.
Straight down the water front we boomed, Charley edging in till a
man could almost leap ashore. When he gave the signal I tossed
the marlinspike. It struck the planking of the wharf a resounding
smash, bounced along fifteen or twenty feet, and was pounced upon by
the amazed onlookers.
It all happened in a flash, for the next minute Antioch was behind
and we were heeling it up the San Joaquin toward Merryweather, six miles
away. The river straightened out here into its general easterly
course, and we squared away before the wind, wing-and-wing once more,
the foresail bellying out to starboard.
Ole Ericsen seemed sunk into a state of stolid despair. Charley
and the two sailors were looking hopeful, as they had good reason to
be. Merryweather was a coal-mining town, and, it being Sunday,
it was reasonable to expect the men to be in town. Further, the
coal-miners had never lost any love for the Greek fishermen, and were
pretty certain to render us hearty assistance.
We strained our eyes for a glimpse of the town, and the first sight
we caught of it gave us immense relief. The wharves were black
with men. As we came closer, we could see them still arriving,
stringing down the main street, guns in their hands and on the run.
Charley glanced astern at the fishermen with a look of ownership in
his eye which till then had been missing. The Greeks were plainly
overawed by the display of armed strength and were putting their own
We took in topsail and staysail, dropped the main peak, and as we
got abreast of the principal wharf jibed the mainsail. The Mary
Rebecca shot around into the wind, the captive fishermen describing
a great arc behind her, and forged ahead till she lost way, when lines
we’re flung ashore and she was made fast. This was accomplished
under a hurricane of cheers from the delighted miners.
Ole Ericsen heaved a great sigh. “Ay never tank Ay see
my wife never again,” he confessed.
“Why, we were never in any danger,” said Charley.
Ole looked at him incredulously.
“Sure, I mean it,” Charley went on. “All
we had to do, any time, was to let go our end—as I am going to
do now, so that those Greeks can untangle their nets.”
He went below with a monkey-wrench, unscrewed the nut, and let the
hook drop off. When the Greeks had hauled their nets into their
boats and made everything shipshape, a posse of citizens took them off
our hands and led them away to jail.
“Ay tank Ay ban a great big fool,” said Ole Ericsen.
But he changed his mind when the admiring townspeople crowded aboard
to shake hands with him, and a couple of enterprising newspaper men
took photographs of the Mary Rebecca and her captain.