The Wooing of Helen
of the Fair Hands
An Extract From: Tales of Troy,
Ulysses the Sacker of Cities
This was the way in which people lived when Ulysses was young, and
wished to be married. The worst thing in the way of life was that
the greatest and most beautiful princesses might be taken prisoners,
and carried off as slaves to the towns of the men who had killed their
fathers and husbands. Now at that time one lady was far the fairest
in the world: namely, Helen, daughter of King Tyndarus. Every
young prince heard of her and desired to marry her; so her father invited
them all to his palace, and entertained them, and found out what they
would give. Among the rest Ulysses went, but his father had a
little kingdom, a rough island, with others near it, and Ulysses had
not a good chance. He was not tall; though very strong and active,
he was a short man with broad shoulders, but his face was handsome,
and, like all the princes, he wore long yellow hair, clustering like
a hyacinth flower. His manner was rather hesitating, and he seemed
to speak very slowly at first, though afterwards his words came freely.
He was good at everything a man can do; he could plough, and build houses,
and make ships, and he was the best archer in Greece, except one, and
could bend the great bow of a dead king, Eurytus, which no other man
could string. But he had no horses, and had no great train of
followers; and, in short, neither Helen nor her father thought of choosing
Ulysses for her husband out of so many tall, handsome young princes,
glittering with gold ornaments. Still, Helen was very kind to
Ulysses, and there was great friendship between them, which was fortunate
for her in the end.
Tyndarus first made all the princes take an oath that they would
stand by the prince whom he chose, and would fight for him in all his
quarrels. Then he named for her husband Menelaus, King of Lacedaemon.
He was a very brave man, but not one of the strongest; he was not such
a fighter as the gigantic Aias, the tallest and strongest of men; or
as Diomede, the friend of Ulysses; or as his own brother, Agamemnon,
the King of the rich city of Mycenae, who was chief over all other princes,
and general of the whole army in war. The great lions carved in
stone that seemed to guard his city are still standing above the gate
through which Agamemnon used to drive his chariot.
The man who proved to be the best fighter of all, Achilles, was not
among the lovers of Helen, for he was still a boy, and his mother, Thetis
of the silver feet, a goddess of the sea, had sent him to be brought
up as a girl, among the daughters of Lycomedes of Scyros, in an island
far away. Thetis did this because Achilles was her only child,
and there was a prophecy that, if he went to the wars, he would win
the greatest glory, but die very young, and never see his mother again.
She thought that if war broke out he would not be found hiding in girl’s
dress, among girls, far away.
So at last, after thinking over the matter for long, Tyndarus gave
fair Helen to Menelaus, the rich King of Lacedaemon; and her twin sister
Clytaemnestra, who was also very beautiful, was given to King Agamemnon,
the chief over all the princes. They all lived very happily together
at first, but not for long.
In the meantime King Tyndarus spoke to his brother Icarius, who had
a daughter named Penelope. She also was very pretty, but not nearly
so beautiful as her cousin, fair Helen, and we know that Penelope was
not very fond of her cousin. Icarius, admiring the strength and
wisdom of Ulysses, gave him his daughter Penelope to be his wife, and
Ulysses loved her very dearly, no man and wife were ever dearer to each
other. They went away together to rocky Ithaca, and perhaps Penelope
was not sorry that a wide sea lay between her home and that of Helen;
for Helen was not only the fairest woman that ever lived in the world,
but she was so kind and gracious and charming that no man could see
her without loving her. When she was only a child, the famous
prince Theseus, who was famous in Greek Story, carried her away to his
own city of Athens, meaning to marry her when she grew up, and even
at that time, there was a war for her sake, for her brothers followed
Theseus with an army, and fought him, and brought her home.
She had fairy gifts; for instance, she had a great red jewel, called
“the Star,” and when she wore it red drops seemed to fall
from it and vanished before they touched and stained her white breast—so
white that people called her “the Daughter of the Swan.”
She could speak in the very voice of any man or woman, so folk also
named her Echo, and it was believed that she could neither grow old
nor die, but would at last pass away to the Elysian plain and the world’s
end, where life is easiest for men. No snow comes thither, nor
great storm, nor any rain; but always the river of Ocean that rings
round the whole earth sends forth the west wind to blow cool on the
people of King Rhadamanthus of the fair hair. These were some
of the stories that men told of fair Helen, but Ulysses was never sorry
that he had not the fortune to marry her, so fond he was of her cousin,
his wife, Penelope, who was very wise and good.
When Ulysses brought his wife home they lived, as the custom was,
in the palace of his father, King Laertes, but Ulysses, with his own
hands, built a chamber for Penelope and himself. There grew a
great olive tree in the inner court of the palace, and its stem was
as large as one of the tall carved pillars of the hall. Round
about this tree Ulysses built the chamber, and finished it with close-set
stones, and roofed it over, and made close-fastening doors. Then
he cut off all the branches of the olive tree, and smoothed the trunk,
and shaped it into the bed-post, and made the bedstead beautiful with
inlaid work of gold and silver and ivory. There was no such bed
in Greece, and no man could move it from its place, and this bed comes
again into the story, at the very end.
Now time went by, and Ulysses and Penelope had one son called Telemachus;
and Eurycleia, who had been his father’s nurse, took care of him.
They were all very happy, and lived in peace in rocky Ithaca, and Ulysses
looked after his lands, and flocks, and herds, and went hunting with
his dog Argos, the swiftest of hounds.