THE STOLEN WHITE ELEPHANT
by Mark Twain
[Left out of A Tramp Abroad, because it was feared that some
of the particulars had been exaggerated, and that others
were not true. Before these suspicions had been proven
groundless, the book had gone to press. —M. T.]
The following curious history was related to me by a chance railway
acquaintance. He was a gentleman more than seventy years of age, and his
thoroughly good and gentle face and earnest and sincere manner imprinted
the unmistakable stamp of truth upon every statement which fell from his
lips. He said:
You know in what reverence the royal white elephant of Siam is held by the
people of that country. You know it is sacred to kings, only kings may
possess it, and that it is, indeed, in a measure even superior to kings,
since it receives not merely honor but worship. Very well; five years ago,
when the troubles concerning the frontier line arose between Great Britain
and Siam, it was presently manifest that Siam had been in the wrong.
Therefore every reparation was quickly made, and the British
representative stated that he was satisfied and the past should be
forgotten. This greatly relieved the King of Siam, and partly as a token
of gratitude, but partly also, perhaps, to wipe out any little remaining
vestige of unpleasantness which England might feel toward him, he wished
to send the Queen a present—the sole sure way of propitiating an
enemy, according to Oriental ideas. This present ought not only to be a
royal one, but transcendently royal. Wherefore, what offering could be so
meet as that of a white elephant? My position in the Indian civil service
was such that I was deemed peculiarly worthy of the honor of conveying the
present to her Majesty. A ship was fitted out for me and my servants and
the officers and attendants of the elephant, and in due time I arrived in
New York harbor and placed my royal charge in admirable quarters in Jersey
City. It was necessary to remain awhile in order to recruit the animal's
health before resuming the voyage.
All went well during a fortnight—then my calamities began. The white
elephant was stolen! I was called up at dead of night and informed of this
fearful misfortune. For some moments I was beside myself with terror and
anxiety; I was helpless. Then I grew calmer and collected my faculties. I
soon saw my course—for, indeed, there was but the one course for an
intelligent man to pursue. Late as it was, I flew to New York and got a
policeman to conduct me to the headquarters of the detective force.
Fortunately I arrived in time, though the chief of the force, the
celebrated Inspector Blunt was just on the point of leaving for his home.
He was a man of middle size and compact frame, and when he was thinking
deeply he had a way of kniting his brows and tapping his forehead
reflectively with his finger, which impressed you at once with the
conviction that you stood in the presence of a person of no common order.
The very sight of him gave me confidence and made me hopeful. I stated my
errand. It did not flurry him in the least; it had no more visible effect
upon his iron self-possession than if I had told him somebody had stolen
my dog. He motioned me to a seat, and said, calmly:
"Allow me to think a moment, please."
So saying, he sat down at his office table and leaned his head upon his
hand. Several clerks were at work at the other end of the room; the
scratching of their pens was all the sound I heard during the next six or
seven minutes. Meantime the inspector sat there, buried in thought.
Finally he raised his head, and there was that in the firm lines of his
face which showed me that his brain had done its work and his plan was
made. Said he—and his voice was low and impressive:
"This is no ordinary case. Every step must be warily taken; each step must
be made sure before the next is ventured. And secrecy must be observed—secrecy
profound and absolute. Speak to no one about the matter, not even the
reporters. I will take care of them; I will see that they get only what it
may suit my ends to let them know." He touched a bell; a youth appeared.
"Alaric, tell the reporters to remain for the present." The boy retired.
"Now let us proceed to business—and systematically. Nothing can be
accomplished in this trade of mine without strict and minute method."
He took a pen and some paper. "Now—name of the elephant?"
"Hassan Ben Ali Ben Selim Abdallah Mohammed Mois Alhammal Jamsetjejeebhoy
Dhuleep Sultan Ebu Bhudpoor."
"Very well. Given name?"
"Very well. Place of birth?"
"The capital city of Siam."
"Had they any other issue besides this one?"
"None. He was an only child."
"Very well. These matters are sufficient under that head. Now please
describe the elephant, and leave out no particular, however insignificant—that
is, insignificant from your point of view. To men in my profession there
are no insignificant particulars; they do not exist."
I described, he wrote. When I was done, he said:
"Now listen. If I have made any mistakes, correct me."
He read as follows:
"Height, 19 feet; length from apex of forehead to insertion of tail, 26
feet; length of trunk, 16 feet; length of tail, 6 feet; total length,
including trunk, and tail, 48 feet; length of tusks, 9 1/2 feet ; ears
keeping with these dimensions; footprint resembles the mark left when one
up-ends a barrel in the snow; color of the elephant, a dull white; has a
hole the size of a plate in each ear for the insertion of jewelry and
possesses the habit in a remarkable degree of squirting water upon
spectators and of maltreating with his trunk not only such persons as he
is acquainted with, but even entire strangers; limps slightly with his
right hind leg, and has a small scar in his left armpit caused by a former
boil; had on, when stolen, a castle containing seats for fifteen persons,
and a gold-cloth saddle-blanket the size of an ordinary carpet."
There were no mistakes. The inspector touched the bell, handed the
description to Alaric, and said:
"Have fifty thousand copies of this printed at once and mailed to every
detective office and pawnbroker's shop on the continent." Alaric retired.
"There—so far, so good. Next, I must have a photograph of the
I gave him one. He examined it critically, and said:
"It must do, since we can do no better; but he has his trunk curled up and
tucked into his mouth. That is unfortunate, and is calculated to mislead,
for of course he does not usually have it in that position." He touched
"Alaric, have fifty thousand copies of this photograph made the first
thing in the morning, and mail them with the descriptive circulars."
Alaric retired to execute his orders. The inspector said:
"It will be necessary to offer a reward, of course. Now as to the amount?"
"What sum would you suggest?"
"To begin with, I should say—well, twenty-five thousand dollars. It
is an intricate and difficult business; there are a thousand avenues of
escape and opportunities of concealment. These thieves have friends and
"Bless me, do you know who they are?"
The wary face, practised in concealing the thoughts and feelings within,
gave me no token, nor yet the replying words, so quietly uttered:
"Never mind about that. I may, and I may not. We generally gather a pretty
shrewd inkling of who our man is by the manner of his work and the size of
the game he goes after. We are not dealing with a pickpocket or a hall
thief now, make up your mind to that. This property was not 'lifted' by a
novice. But, as I was saying, considering the amount of travel which will
have to be done, and the diligence with which the thieves will cover up
their traces as they move along, twenty-five thousand may be too small a
sum to offer, yet I think it worth while to start with that."
So we determined upon that figure as a beginning. Then this man, whom
nothing escaped which could by any possibility be made to serve as a clue,
"There are cases in detective history to show that criminals have been
detected through peculiarities, in their appetites. Now, what does this
elephant eat, and how much?"
"Well, as to what he eats—he will eat anything. He will eat a man,
he will eat a Bible—he will eat anything between a man and a Bible."
"Good very good, indeed, but too general. Details are necessary—details
are the only valuable things in our trade. Very well—as to men. At
one meal—or, if you prefer, during one day—how man men will he
eat, if fresh?"
"He would not care whether they were fresh or not; at a single meal he
would eat five ordinary men."
"Very good; five men; we will put that down. What nationalities would he
"He is indifferent about nationalities. He prefers acquaintances, but is
not prejudiced against strangers."
"Very good. Now, as to Bibles. How many Bibles would he eat at a meal?"
"He would eat an entire edition."
"It is hardly succinct enough. Do you mean the ordinary octavo, or the
"I think he would be indifferent to illustrations that is, I think he
would not value illustrations above simple letterpress."
"No, you do not get my idea. I refer to bulk. The ordinary octavo Bible
weighs about two pounds and a half, while the great quarto with the
illustrations weighs ten or twelve. How many Dore Bibles would he eat at a
"If you knew this elephant, you could not ask. He would take what they
"Well, put it in dollars and cents, then. We must get at it somehow. The
Dore costs a hundred dollars a copy, Russia leather, beveled."
"He would require about fifty thousand dollars worth—say an edition
of five hundred copies."
"Now that is more exact. I will put that down. Very well; he likes men and
Bibles; so far, so good. What else will he eat? I want particulars."
"He will leave Bibles to eat bricks, he will leave bricks to eat bottles,
he will leave bottles to eat clothing, he will leave clothing to eat cats,
he will leave cats to eat oysters, he will leave oysters to eat ham, he
will leave ham to eat sugar, he will leave sugar to eat pie, he will leave
pie to eat potatoes, he will leave potatoes to eat bran; he will leave
bran to eat hay, he will leave hay to eat oats, he will leave oats to eat
rice, for he was mainly raised on it. There is nothing whatever that he
will not eat but European butter, and he would eat that if he could taste
"Very good. General quantity at a meal—say about—"
"Well, anywhere from a quarter to half a ton."
"And he drinks—"
"Everything that is fluid. Milk, water, whisky, molasses, castor oil,
camphene, carbolic acid—it is no use to go into particulars;
whatever fluid occurs to you set it down. He will drink anything that is
fluid, except European coffee."
"Very good. As to quantity?"
"Put it down five to fifteen barrels—his thirst varies; his other
appetites do not."
"These things are unusual. They ought to furnish quite good clues toward
He touched the bell.
"Alaric; summon Captain Burns."
Burns appeared. Inspector Blunt unfolded the whole matter to him, detail
by detail. Then he said in the clear, decisive tones of a man whose plans
are clearly defined in his head and who is accustomed to command:
"Captain Burns, detail Detectives Jones, Davis, Halsey, Bates, and Hackett
to shadow the elephant."
"Detail Detectives Moses, Dakin, Murphy, Rogers, Tupper, Higgins, and
Bartholomew to shadow the thieves."
"Place a strong guard—A guard of thirty picked men, with a relief of
thirty—over the place from whence the elephant was stolen, to keep
strict watch there night and day, and allow none to approach—except
reporters—without written authority from me."
"Place detectives in plain clothes in the railway; steamship, and ferry
depots, and upon all roadways leading out of Jersey City, with orders to
search all suspicious persons."
"Furnish all these men with photograph and accompanying description of the
elephant, and instruct them to search all trains and outgoing ferryboats
and other vessels."
"If the elephant should be found, let him be seized, and the information
forwarded to me by telegraph."
"Let me be informed at once if any clues should be found—footprints
of the animal, or anything of that kind."
"Get an order commanding the harbor police to patrol the frontages
"Despatch detectives in plain clothes over all the railways, north as far
as Canada, west as far as Ohio, south as far as Washington."
"Place experts in all the telegraph offices to listen to all messages; and
let them require that all cipher despatches be interpreted to them."
"Let all these things be done with the utmost's secrecy—mind, the
most impenetrable secrecy."
"Report to me promptly at the usual hour."
He was gone.
Inspector Blunt was silent and thoughtful a moment, while the fire in his
eye cooled down and faded out. Then he turned to me and said in a placid
"I am not given to boasting, it is not my habit; but—we shall find
I shook him warmly by the hand and thanked him; and I FELT my thanks, too.
The more I had seen of the man the more I liked him and the more I admired
him and marveled over the mysterious wonders of his profession. Then we
parted for the night, and I went home with a far happier heart than I had
carried with me to his office.
Next morning it was all in the newspapers, in the minutest detail. It even
had additions—consisting of Detective This, Detective That, and
Detective The Other's "Theory" as to how the robbery was done, who the
robbers were, and whither they had flown with their booty. There were
eleven of these theories, and they covered all the possibilities; and this
single fact shows what independent thinkers detectives are. No two
theories were alike, or even much resembled each other, save in one
striking particular, and in that one all the other eleven theories were
absolutely agreed. That was, that although the rear of my building was
torn out and the only door remained locked, the elephant had not been
removed through the rent, but by some other (undiscovered) outlet. All
agreed that the robbers had made that rent only to mislead the detectives.
That never would have occurred to me or to any other layman, perhaps, but
it had not deceived the detectives for a moment. Thus, what I had supposed
was the only thing that had no mystery about it was in fact the very thing
I had gone furthest astray in. The eleven theories all named the supposed
robbers, but no two named the same robbers; the total number of suspected
persons was thirty-seven. The various newspaper accounts all closed with
the most important opinion of all—that of Chief Inspector Blunt. A
portion of this statement read as follows:
The chief knows who the two principals are, namely, "Brick" Duffy
and "Red" McFadden. Ten days before the robbery was achieved he was
already aware that it was to be attempted, and had quietly proceeded
to shadow these two noted villains; but unfortunately on the night
in question their track was lost, and before it could be found again
the bird was flown—that is, the elephant.
Duffy and McFadden are the boldest scoundrels in the profession; the
chief has reasons for believing that they are the men who stole the
stove out of the detective headquarters on a bitter night last
winter—in consequence of which the chief and every detective
present were in the hands of the physicians before morning, some
with frozen feet, others with frozen fingers, ears, and other
When I read the first half of that I was more astonished than ever at the
wonderful sagacity of this strange man. He not only saw everything in the
present with a clear eye, but even the future could not be hidden from
him. I was soon at his office, and said I could not help wishing he had
had those men arrested, and so prevented the trouble and loss; but his
reply was simple and unanswerable:
"It is not our province to prevent crime, but to punish it. We cannot
punish it until it is committed."
I remarked that the secrecy with which we had begun had been marred by the
newspapers; not only all our facts but all our plans and purposes had been
revealed; even all the suspected persons had been named; these would
doubtless disguise themselves now, or go into hiding.
"Let them. They will find that when I am ready for them my hand will
descend upon them, in their secret places, as unerringly as the hand of
fate. As to the newspapers, we must keep in with them. Fame, reputation,
constant public mention—these are the detective's bread and butter.
He must publish his facts, else he will be supposed to have none; he must
publish his theory, for nothing is so strange or striking as a detective's
theory, or brings him so much wondering respect; we must publish our
plans, for these the journals insist upon having, and we could not deny
them without offending. We must constantly show the public what we are
doing, or they will believe we are doing nothing. It is much pleasanter to
have a newspaper say, 'Inspector Blunt's ingenious and extraordinary
theory is as follows,' than to have it say some harsh thing, or, worse
still, some sarcastic one."
"I see the force of what you say. But I noticed that in one part of your
remarks in the papers this morning you refused to reveal your opinion upon
a certain minor point."
"Yes, we always do that; it has a good effect. Besides, I had not formed
any opinion on that point, anyway."
I deposited a considerable sum of money with the inspector, to meet
current expenses, and sat down to wait for news. We were expecting the
telegrams to begin to arrive at any moment now. Meantime I reread the
newspapers and also our descriptive circular, and observed that our
twenty-five thousand dollars reward seemed to be offered only to
detectives. I said I thought it ought to be offered to anybody who would
catch the elephant. The inspector said:
"It is the detectives who will find the elephant; hence the reward will go
to the right place. If other people found the animal, it would only be by
watching the detectives and taking advantage of clues and indications
stolen from them, and that would entitle the detectives to the reward,
after all. The proper office of a reward is to stimulate the men who
deliver up their time and their trained sagacities to this sort of work,
and not to confer benefits upon chance citizens who stumble upon a capture
without having earned the benefits by their own merits and labors."
This was reasonable enough, certainly. Now the telegraphic machine in the
corner began to click, and the following despatch was the result:
FLOWER STATION, N. Y., 7.30 A.M.
Have got a clue. Found a succession of deep tracks across a farm
near here. Followed them two miles east without result; think
elephant went west. Shall now shadow him in that direction.
"Darley's one of the best men on the force," said the inspector. "We shall
hear from him again before long."
Telegram No. 2 came:
BARKER'S, N. J., 7.40 A.M.
Just arrived. Glass factory broken open here during night, and
eight hundred bottles taken. Only water in large quantity near here
is five miles distant. Shall strike for there. Elephant will be
thirsty. Bottles were empty.
"That promises well, too," said the inspector.
"I told you the creature's appetites would not be bad clues."
Telegram No. 3:
TAYLORVILLE, L. I. 8.15 A.M.
A haystack near here disappeared during night. Probably eaten.
Have got a clue, and am off.
"How he does move around!" said the inspector "I knew we had a difficult
job on hand, but we shall catch him yet."
FLOWER STATION, N. Y., 9 A.M.
Shadowed the tracks three miles westward. Large, deep, and ragged.
Have just met a farmer who says they are not elephant-tracks. Says
they are holes where he dug up saplings for shade-trees when ground
was frozen last winter. Give me orders how to proceed.
"Aha! a confederate of the thieves! The thing, grows warm," said the
He dictated the following telegram to Darley:
Arrest the man and force him to name his pals. Continue to follow
the tracks to the Pacific, if necessary.
CONEY POINT, PA., 8.45 A.M.
Gas office broken open here during night and three months' unpaid gas
bills taken. Have got a clue and am away.
"Heavens!" said the inspector; "would he eat gas bills?"
"Through ignorance—yes; but they cannot support life. At least,
Now came this exciting telegram:
IRONVILLE, N. Y., 9.30 A.M.
Just arrived. This village in consternation. Elephant passed
through here at five this morning. Some say he went east some say
west, some north, some south—but all say they did not wait to
notice, particularly. He killed a horse; have secured a piece of it
for a clue. Killed it with his trunk; from style of blow, think he
struck it left-handed. From position in which horse lies, think
elephant traveled northward along line of Berkley Railway. Has four
and a half hours' start, but I move on his track at once.
I uttered exclamations of joy. The inspector was as self-contained as a
graven image. He calmly touched his bell.
"Alaric, send Captain Burns here."
"How many men are ready for instant orders?"
"Send them north at once. Let them concentrate along the line of the
Berkley road north of Ironville."
"Let them conduct their movements with the utmost secrecy. As fast as
others are at liberty, hold them for orders."
Presently came another telegram:
SAGE CORNERS, N. Y., 10.30.
Just arrived. Elephant passed through here at 8.15. All escaped
from the town but a policeman. Apparently elephant did not strike
at policeman, but at the lamp-post. Got both. I have secured a
portion of the policeman as clue.
"So the elephant has turned westward," said the inspector. "However, he
will not escape, for my men are scattered all over that region."
The next telegram said:
Just arrived. Village deserted, except sick and aged. Elephant passed
through three-quarters of an hour ago. The anti-temperance mass-meeting
was in session; he put his trunk in at a window and washed it out with
water from cistern. Some swallowed it—since dead; several drowned.
Detectives Cross and O'Shaughnessy were passing through town, but
going south—so missed elephant. Whole region for many miles around in
terror—people flying from their homes. Wherever they turn they meet
elephant, and many are killed. BRANT, Detective.
I could have shed tears, this havoc so distressed me. But the inspector
"You see—we are closing in on him. He feels our presence; he has
turned eastward again."
Yet further troublous news was in store for us. The telegraph brought
Just arrived. Elephant passed through half an hour ago, creating
wildest fright and excitement. Elephant raged around streets; two
plumbers going by, killed one—other escaped. Regret general.
"Now he is right in the midst of my men," said the inspector. "Nothing can
A succession of telegrams came from detectives who were scattered through
New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and who were following clues consisting of
ravaged barns, factories, and Sunday-school libraries, with high
hopes-hopes amounting to certainties, indeed. The inspector said:
"I wish I could communicate with them and order them north, but that is
impossible. A detective only visits a telegraph office to send his report;
then he is off again, and you don't know where to put your hand on him."
Now came this despatch:
BRIDGEPORT, CT., 12.15.
Barnum offers rate of $4,000 a year for exclusive privilege of using
elephant as traveling advertising medium from now till detectives
find him. Wants to paste circus-posters on him. Desires immediate
"That is perfectly absurd!" I exclaimed.
"Of course it is," said the inspector. "Evidently Mr. Barnum, who thinks
he is so sharp, does not know me—but I know him."
Then he dictated this answer to the despatch:
Mr. Barnum's offer declined. Make it $7,000 or nothing.
"There. We shall not have to wait long for an answer. Mr. Barnum is not at
home; he is in the telegraph office—it is his way when he has
business on hand. Inside of three—"
Done.—P. T. BARNUM.
So interrupted the clicking telegraphic instrument. Before I could make a
comment upon this extraordinary episode, the following despatch carried my
thoughts into another and very distressing channel:
BOLIVIA, N. Y., 12.50.
Elephant arrived here from the south and passed through toward the
forest at 11.50, dispersing a funeral on the way, and diminishing
the mourners by two. Citizens fired some small cannon-balls into
him, and then fled. Detective Burke and I arrived ten minutes
later, from the north, but mistook some excavations for footprints,
and so lost a good deal of time; but at last we struck the right
trail and followed it to the woods. We then got down on our hands
and knees and continued to keep a sharp eye on the track, and so
shadowed it into the brush. Burke was in advance. Unfortunately
the animal had stopped to rest; therefore, Burke having his head
down, intent upon the track, butted up against the elephant's hind
legs before he was aware of his vicinity. Burke instantly arose to
his feet, seized the tail, and exclaimed joyfully, "I claim the
re—" but got no further, for a single blow of the huge trunk laid
the brave fellow's fragments low in death. I fled rearward, and the
elephant turned and shadowed me to the edge of the wood, making
tremendous speed, and I should inevitably have been lost, but that
the remains of the funeral providentially intervened again and
diverted his attention. I have just learned that nothing of that
funeral is now left; but this is no loss, for there is abundance of
material for another. Meantime, the elephant has disappeared again.
We heard no news except from the diligent and confident detectives
scattered about New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Virginia—who
were all following fresh and encouraging clues—until shortly after 2
P.M., when this telegram came:
BAXTER CENTER, 2.15.
Elephant been here, plastered over with circus-bills, and he broke up a
revival, striking down and damaging many who were on the point of
entering upon a better life. Citizens penned him up and established
a guard. When Detective Brown and I arrived, some time after, we
entered inclosure and proceeded to identify elephant by photograph
and description. All marks tallied exactly except one, which we
could not see—the boil-scar under armpit. To make sure, Brown
crept under to look, and was immediately brained—that is, head
crushed and destroyed, though nothing issued from debris. All fled
so did elephant, striking right and left with much effect. Has
escaped, but left bold blood-track from cannon-wounds. Rediscovery
certain. He broke southward, through a dense forest.
That was the last telegram. At nightfall a fog shut down which was so
dense that objects but three feet away could not be discerned. This lasted
all night. The ferry-boats and even the omnibuses had to stop running.
Next morning the papers were as full of detective theories as before; they
had all our tragic facts in detail also, and a great many more which they
had received from their telegraphic correspondents. Column after column
was occupied, a third of its way down, with glaring head-lines, which it
made my heart sick to read. Their general tone was like this:
THE WHITE ELEPHANT AT LARGE! HE MOVES UPON HIS FATAL MARCH! WHOLE
VILLAGES DESERTED BY THEIR FRIGHT-STRICKEN OCCUPANTS! PALE TERROR
GOES BEFORE HIM, DEATH AND DEVASTATION FOLLOW AFTER! AFTER THESE,
THE DETECTIVES! BARNS DESTROYED, FACTORIES GUTTED, HARVESTS
DEVOURED, PUBLIC ASSEMBLAGES DISPERSED, ACCOMPANIED BY SCENES OF
CARNAGE IMPOSSIBLE TO DESCRIBE! THEORIES OF THIRTY-FOUR OF THE MOST
DISTINGUISHED DETECTIVES ON THE FORCE! THEORY OF CHIEF BLUNT!
"There!" said Inspector Blunt, almost betrayed into excitement, "this is
magnificent! This is the greatest windfall that any detective organization
ever had. The fame of it will travel to the ends of the earth, and endure
to the end of time, and my name with it."
But there was no joy for me. I felt as if I had committed all those red
crimes, and that the elephant was only my irresponsible agent. And how the
list had grown! In one place he had "interfered with an election and
killed five repeaters." He had followed this act with the destruction of
two pool fellows, named O'Donohue and McFlannigan, who had "found a refuge
in the home of the oppressed of all lands only the day before, and were in
the act of exercising for the first time the noble right of American
citizens at the polls, when stricken down by the relentless hand of the
Scourge of Siam." In another, he had "found a crazy sensation-preacher
preparing his next season's heroic attacks on the dance, the theater, and
other things which can't strike back, and had stepped on him." And in
still another place he had "killed a lightning-rod agent." And so the list
went on, growing redder and redder, and more and more heartbreaking. Sixty
persons had been killed, and two hundred and forty wounded. All the
accounts bore just testimony to the activity and devotion of the
detectives, and all closed with the remark that "three hundred thousand
citizens and four detectives saw the dread creature, and two of the latter
I dreaded to hear the telegraphic instrument begin to click again. By and
by the messages began to pour in, but I was happily disappointed in their
nature. It was soon apparent that all trace of the elephant was lost. The
fog had enabled him to search out a good hiding-place unobserved.
Telegrams from the most absurdly distant points reported that a dim vast
mass had been glimpsed there through the fog at such and such an hour, and
was "undoubtedly the elephant." This dim vast mass had been glimpsed in
New Haven, in New Jersey, in Pennsylvania, in interior New York, in
Brooklyn, and even in the city of New York itself! But in all cases the
dim vast mass had vanished quickly and left no trace. Every detective of
the large force scattered over this huge extent of country sent his hourly
report, and each and every one of them had a clue, and was shadowing
something, and was hot upon the heels of it.
But the day passed without other result.
The next day the same.
The next just the same.
The newspaper reports began to grow monotonous with facts that amounted to
nothing, clues which led to nothing, and theories which had nearly
exhausted the elements which surprise and delight and dazzle.
By advice of the inspector I doubled the reward.
Four more dull days followed. Then came a bitter blow to the poor,
hard-working detectives—the journalists declined to print their
theories, and coldly said, "Give us a rest."
Two weeks after the elephant's disappearance I raised the reward to
seventy-five thousand dollars by the inspector's advice. It was a great
sum, but I felt that I would rather sacrifice my whole private fortune
than lose my credit with my government. Now that the detectives were in
adversity, the newspapers turned upon them, and began to fling the most
stinging sarcasms at them. This gave the minstrels an idea, and they
dressed themselves as detectives and hunted the elephant on the stage in
the most extravagant way. The caricaturists made pictures of detectives
scanning the country with spy-glasses, while the elephant, at their backs,
stole apples out of their pockets. And they made all sorts of ridiculous
pictures of the detective badge—you have seen that badge printed in
gold on the back of detective novels no doubt, it is a wide-staring eye,
with the legend, "WE NEVER SLEEP." When detectives called for a drink, the
would-be facetious barkeeper resurrected an obsolete form of expression
and said, "Will you have an eye-opener?" All the air was thick with
But there was one man who moved calm, untouched, unaffected, through it
all. It was that heart of oak, the chief inspector. His brave eye never
drooped, his serene confidence never wavered. He always said:
"Let them rail on; he laughs best who laughs last."
My admiration for the man grew into a species of worship. I was at his
side always. His office had become an unpleasant place to me, and now
became daily more and more so. Yet if he could endure it I meant to do so
also—at least, as long as I could. So I came regularly, and stayed—the
only outsider who seemed to be capable of it. Everybody wondered how I
could; and often it seemed to me that I must desert, but at such times I
looked into that calm and apparently unconscious face, and held my ground.
About three weeks after the elephant's disappearance I was about to say,
one morning, that I should have to strike my colors and retire, when the
great detective arrested the thought by proposing one more superb and
This was to compromise with the robbers. The fertility of this man's
invention exceeded anything I have ever seen, and I have had a wide
intercourse with the world's finest minds. He said he was confident he
could compromise for one hundred thousand dollars and recover the
elephant. I said I believed I could scrape the amount together, but what
would become of the poor detectives who had worked so faithfully? He said:
"In compromises they always get half."
This removed my only objection. So the inspector wrote two notes, in this
DEAR MADAM,—Your husband can make a large sum of money (and be
entirely protected from the law) by making an immediate, appointment
with me. Chief BLUNT.
He sent one of these by his confidential messenger to the "reputed wife"
of Brick Duffy, and the other to the reputed wife of Red McFadden.
Within the hour these offensive answers came:
YE OWLD FOOL: brick McDuffys bin ded 2 yere.
CHIEF BAT,—Red McFadden is hung and in heving 18 month. Any Ass
but a detective know that.
"I had long suspected these facts," said the inspector; "this testimony
proves the unerring accuracy of my instinct."
The moment one resource failed him he was ready with another. He
immediately wrote an advertisement for the morning papers, and I kept a
copy of it:
A.—xwblv.242 N. Tjnd—fz328wmlg. Ozpo,—; 2m! ogw. Mum
He said that if the thief was alive this would bring him to the usual
rendezvous. He further explained that the usual rendezvous was a place
where all business affairs between detectives and criminals were
conducted. This meeting would take place at twelve the next night.
We could do nothing till then, and I lost no time in getting out of the
office, and was grateful indeed for the privilege.
At eleven the next night I brought one hundred thousand dollars in
bank-notes and put them into the chief's hands, and shortly afterward he
took his leave, with the brave old undimmed confidence in his eye. An
almost intolerable hour dragged to a close; then I heard his welcome
tread, and rose gasping and tottered to meet him. How his fine eyes flamed
with triumph! He said:
"We've compromised! The jokers will sing a different tune to-morrow!
He took a lighted candle and strode down into the vast vaulted basement
where sixty detectives always slept, and where a score were now playing
cards to while the time. I followed close after him. He walked swiftly
down to the dim remote end of the place, and just as I succumbed to the
pangs of suffocation and was swooning away he stumbled and fell over the
outlying members of a mighty object, and I heard him exclaim as he went
"Our noble profession is vindicated. Here is your elephant!"
I was carried to the office above and restored with carbolic acid. The
whole detective force swarmed in, and such another season of triumphant
rejoicing ensued as I had never witnessed before. The reporters were
called, baskets of champagne were opened, toasts were drunk, the
handshakings and congratulations were continuous and enthusiastic.
Naturally the chief was the hero of the hour, and his happiness was so
complete and had been so patiently and worthily and bravely won that it
made me happy to see it, though I stood there a homeless beggar, my
priceless charge dead, and my position in my country's service lost to me
through what would always seem my fatally careless execution of a great
trust. Many an eloquent eye testified its deep admiration for the chief,
and many a detective's voice murmured, "Look at him—just the king of
the profession; only give him a clue, it's all he wants, and there ain't
anything hid that he can't find." The dividing of the fifty thousand
dollars made great pleasure; when it was finished the chief made a little
speech while he put his share in his pocket, in which he said, "Enjoy it,
boys, for you've earned it; and, more than that, you've earned for the
detective profession undying fame."
A telegram arrived, which read:
MONROE, MICH., 10 P.M.
First time I've struck a telegraph office in over three weeks. Have
followed those footprints, horseback, through the woods, a thousand
miles to here, and they get stronger and bigger and fresher every day.
Don't worry-inside of another week I'll have the elephant. This is dead
sure. DARLEY, Detective.
The chief ordered three cheers for "Darley, one of the finest minds on the
force," and then commanded that he be telegraphed to come home and receive
his share of the reward.
So ended that marvelous episode of the stolen elephant. The newspapers
were pleasant with praises once more, the next day, with one contemptible
exception. This sheet said, "Great is the detective! He may be a little
slow in finding a little thing like a mislaid elephant he may hunt him all
day and sleep with his rotting carcass all night for three weeks, but he
will find him at last if he can get the man who mislaid him to show him
Poor Hassan was lost to me forever. The cannonshots had wounded him
fatally, he had crept to that unfriendly place in the fog, and there,
surrounded by his enemies and in constant danger of detection, he had
wasted away with hunger and suffering till death gave him peace.
The compromise cost me one hundred thousand dollars; my detective expenses
were forty-two thousand dollars more; I never applied for a place again
under my government; I am a ruined man and a wanderer in the earth, but my
admiration for that man, whom I believe to be the greatest detective the
world has ever produced, remains undimmed to this day, and will so remain
unto the end.