A Double Retribution
by Honore de Balzac
Translated by Katharine Prescott Wormeley
"Oh, stop! stop!" cried the young lady who had asked for this history,
interrupting the narrator suddenly. "Say no more; let me remain in
uncertainty and believe that he was saved. If I hear now that he was shot
I shall not sleep all night. To-morrow you shall tell me the rest."
We rose from table. My neighbor in accepting Monsieur Hermann's arm, said
"I suppose he was shot, was he not?"
"Yes. I was present at the execution."
"Oh! monsieur," she said, "how could you—"
"He desired it, madame. There was something really dreadful in following
the funeral of a living man, a man my heart cared for, an innocent man!
The poor young fellow never ceased to look at me. He seemed to live only
in me. He wanted, he said, that I should carry to his mother his last
"And did you?"
"At the peace of Amiens I went to France, for the purpose of taking to the
mother those blessed words, 'He was innocent.' I religiously undertook
that pilgrimage. But Madame Magnan had died of consumption. It was not
without deep emotion that I burned the letter of which I was the bearer.
You will perhaps smile at my German imagination, but I see a drama of sad
sublimity in the eternal secrecy which engulfed those parting words cast
between two graves, unknown to all creation, like the cry uttered in a
desert by some lonely traveller whom a lion seizes."
"And if," I said, interrupting him, "you were brought face to face with a
man now in this room, and were told, 'This is the murderer!' would not
that be another drama? And what would you do?"
Monsieur Hermann looked for his hat and went away.
"You are behaving like a young man, and very heedlessly," said my
neighbor. "Look at Taillefer!—there, seated on that sofa at the
corner of the fireplace. Mademoiselle Fanny is offering him a cup of
coffee. He smiles. Would a murderer to whom that tale must have been
torture, present so calm a face? Isn't his whole air patriarchal?"
"Yes; but go and ask him if he went to the war in Germany," I said.
And with that audacity which is seldom lacking to women when some action
attracts them, or their minds are impelled by curiosity, my neighbor went
up to the purveyor.
"Were you ever in Germany?" she asked.
Taillefer came near dropping his cup and saucer.
"I, madame? No, never."
"What are you talking about, Taillefer"; said our host, interrupting him.
"Were you not in the commissariat during the campaign of Wagram?"
"Ah, true!" replied Taillefer, "I was there at that time."
"You are mistaken," said my neighbor, returning to my side; "that's a good
"Well," I cried, "before the end of this evening, I will hunt that
murderer out of the slough in which he is hiding."
Every day, before our eyes, a moral phenomenon of amazing profundity takes
place which is, nevertheless, so simple as never to be noticed. If two men
meet in a salon, one of whom has the right to hate or despise the other,
whether from a knowledge of some private and latent fact which degrades
him, or of a secret condition, or even of a coming revenge, those two men
divine each other's souls, and are able to measure the gulf which
separates or ought to separate them. They observe each other
unconsciously; their minds are preoccupied by themselves; through their
looks, their gestures, an indefinable emanation of their thought
transpires; there's a magnet between them. I don't know which has the
strongest power of attraction, vengeance or crime, hatred or insult. Like
a priest who cannot consecrate the host in presence of an evil spirit,
each is ill at ease and distrustful; one is polite, the other surly, but I
know not which; one colors or turns pale, the other trembles. Often the
avenger is as cowardly as the victim. Few men have the courage to invoke
an evil, even when just or necessary, and men are silent or forgive a
wrong from hatred of uproar or fear of some tragic ending.
This introsusception of our souls and our sentiments created a mysterious
struggle between Taillefer and myself. Since the first inquiry I had put
to him during Monsieur Hermann's narrative, he had steadily avoided my
eye. Possibly he avoided those of all the other guests. He talked with the
youthful, inexperienced daughter of the banker, feeling, no doubt, like
many other criminals, a need of drawing near to innocence, hoping to find
rest there. But, though I was a long distance from him, I heard him, and
my piercing eye fascinated his. When he thought he could watch me
unobserved our eyes met, and his eyelids dropped immediately.
Weary of this torture, Taillefer seemed determined to put an end to it by
sitting down at a card-table. I at once went to bet on his adversary;
hoping to lose my money. The wish was granted; the player left the table
and I took his place, face to face with the murderer.
"Monsieur," I said, while he dealt the cards, "may I ask if you are
Monsieur Frederic Taillefer, whose family I know very well at Beauvais?"
"Yes, monsieur," he answered.
He dropped the cards, turned pale, put his hands to his head and rose,
asking one of the bettors to take his hand.
"It is too hot here," he cried; "I fear—"
He did not end the sentence. His face expressed intolerable suffering, and
he went out hastily. The master of the house followed him and seemed to
take an anxious interest in his condition. My neighbor and I looked at
each other, but I saw a tinge of bitter sadness or reproach upon her
"Do you think your conduct is merciful?" she asked, drawing me to the
embrasure of a window just as I was leaving the card-table, having lost
all my money. "Would you accept the power of reading hearts? Why not leave
things to human justice or divine justice? We may escape one but we cannot
escape the other. Do you think the privilege of a judge of the court of
assizes so much to be envied? You have almost done the work of an
"After sharing and stimulating my curiosity, why are you now lecturing me
"You have made me reflect," she answered.
"So, then, peace to villains, war to the sorrowful, and let's deify gold!
However, we will drop the subject," I added, laughing. "Do you see that
young girl who is just entering the salon?"
"Yes, what of her?"
"I met her, three days ago, at the ball of the Neapolitan ambassador, and
I am passionately in love with her. For pity's sake tell me her name. No
one was able—"
"That is Mademoiselle Victorine Taillefer."
I grew dizzy.
"Her step-mother," continued my neighbor, "has lately taken her from a
convent, where she was finishing, rather late in the day, her education.
For a long time her father refused to recognize her. She comes here for
the first time. She is very beautiful and very rich."
These words were accompanied by a sardonic smile.
At this moment we heard violent, but smothered outcries; they seemed to
come from a neighboring apartment and to be echoed faintly back through
"Isn't that the voice of Monsieur Taillefer?" I said.
We gave our full attention to the noise; a frightful moaning reached our
ears. The wife of the banker came hurriedly towards us and closed the
"Let us avoid a scene," she said. "If Mademoiselle Taillefer hears her
father, she might be thrown into hysterics."
The banker now re-entered the salon, looked round for Victorine, and said
a few words in her ear. Instantly the young girl uttered a cry, ran to the
door, and disappeared. This event produced a great sensation. The
card-players paused. Every one questioned his neighbor. The murmur of
voices swelled, and groups gathered.
"Can Monsieur Taillefer be—" I began.
"—dead?" said my sarcastic neighbor. "You would wear the gayest
mourning, I fancy!"
"But what has happened to him?"
"The poor dear man," said the mistress of the house, "is subject to
attacks of a disease the name of which I never can remember, though
Monsieur Brousson has often told it to me; and he has just been seized
"What is the nature of the disease?" asked an examining-judge.
"Oh, it is something terrible, monsieur," she replied. "The doctors know
no remedy. It causes the most dreadful suffering. One day, while the
unfortunate man was staying at my country-house, he had an attack, and I
was obliged to go away and stay with a neighbor to avoid hearing him; his
cries were terrible; he tried to kill himself; his daughter was obliged to
have him put into a strait-jacket and fastened to his bed. The poor man
declares there are live animals in his head gnawing his brain; every nerve
quivers with horrible shooting pains, and he writhes in torture. He
suffers so much in his head that he did not even feel the moxas they used
formerly to apply to relieve it; but Monsieur Brousson, who is now his
physician, has forbidden that remedy, declaring that the trouble is a
nervous affection, an inflammation of the nerves, for which leeches should
be applied to the neck, and opium to the head. As a result, the attacks
are not so frequent; they appear now only about once a year, and always
late in the autumn. When he recovers, Taillefer says repeatedly that he
would far rather die than endure such torture."
"Then he must suffer terribly!" said a broker, considered a wit, who was
"Oh," continued the mistress of the house, "last year he nearly died in
one of these attacks. He had gone alone to his country-house on pressing
business. For want, perhaps, of immediate help, he lay twenty-two hours
stiff and stark as though he were dead. A very hot bath was all that saved
"It must be a species of lockjaw," said one of the guests.
"I don't know," she answered. "He got the disease in the army nearly
thirty years ago. He says it was caused by a splinter of wood entering his
head from a shot on board a boat. Brousson hopes to cure him. They say the
English have discovered a mode of treating the disease with prussic acid—"
At that instant a still more piercing cry echoed through the house, and
froze us with horror.
"There! that is what I listened to all day long last year," said the
banker's wife. "It made me jump in my chair and rasped my nerves
dreadfully. But, strange to say, poor Taillefer, though he suffers untold
agony, is in no danger of dying. He eats and drinks as well as ever during
even short cessations of the pain—nature is so queer! A German
doctor told him it was a form of gout in the head, and that agrees with
I left the group around the mistress of the house and went away. On the
staircase I met Mademoiselle Taillefer, whom a footman had come to fetch.
"Oh!" she said to me, weeping, "what has my poor father ever done to
deserve such suffering?—so kind as he is!"
I accompanied her downstairs and assisted her in getting into the
carriage, and there I saw her father bent almost double.
Mademoiselle Taillefer tried to stifle his moans by putting her
handkerchief to his mouth; unhappily he saw me; his face became even more
distorted, a convulsive cry rent the air, and he gave me a dreadful look
as the carriage rolled away.
That dinner, that evening exercised a cruel influence on my life and on my
feelings. I loved Mademoiselle Taillefer, precisely, perhaps, because
honor and decency forbade me to marry the daughter of a murderer, however
good a husband and father he might be. A curious fatality impelled me to
visit those houses where I knew I could meet Victorine; often, after
giving myself my word of honor to renounce the happiness of seeing her, I
found myself that same evening beside her. My struggles were great.
Legitimate love, full of chimerical remorse, assumed the color of a
criminal passion. I despised myself for bowing to Taillefer when, by
chance, he accompanied his daughter, but I bowed to him all the same.
Alas! for my misfortune Victorine is not only a pretty girl, she is also
educated, intelligent, full of talent and of charm, without the slightest
pedantry or the faintest tinge of assumption. She converses with reserve,
and her nature has a melancholy grace which no one can resist. She loves
me, or at least she lets me think so; she has a certain smile which she
keeps for me alone; for me, her voice grows softer still. Oh, yes! she
loves me! But she adores her father; she tells me of his kindness, his
gentleness, his excellent qualities. Those praises are so many
dagger-thrusts with which she stabs me to the heart.
One day I came near making myself the accomplice, as it were, of the crime
which led to the opulence of the Taillefer family. I was on the point of
asking the father for Victorine's hand. But I fled; I travelled; I went to
Germany, to Andernach; and then—I returned! I found Victorine pale,
and thinner; if I had seen her well in health and gay, I should certainly
have been saved. Instead of which my love burst out again with untold
violence. Fearing that my scruples might degenerate into monomania, I
resolved to convoke a sanhedrim of sound consciences, and obtain from them
some light on this problem of high morality and philosophy,—a
problem which had been, as we shall see, still further complicated since
Two days ago, therefore, I collected those of my friends to whom I
attribute most delicacy, probity, and honor. I invited two Englishmen, the
secretary of an embassy, and a puritan; a former minister, now a mature
statesman; a priest, an old man; also my former guardian, a simple-hearted
being who rendered so loyal a guardianship account that the memory of it
is still green at the Palais; besides these, there were present a judge, a
lawyer, and a notary,—in short, all social opinions, and all
We began by dining well, talking well, and making some noise; then, at
dessert, I related my history candidly, and asked for advice, concealing,
of course, the Taillefer name.
A profound silence suddenly fell upon the company. Then the notary took
leave. He had, he said, a deed to draw.
The wine and the good dinner had reduced my former guardian to silence; in
fact I was obliged later in the evening to put him under guardianship, to
make sure of no mishap to him on his way home.
"I understand!" I cried. "By not giving an opinion you tell me
energetically enough what I ought to do."
On this there came a stir throughout the assembly.
A capitalist who had subscribed for the children and tomb of General Foy
"Like Virtue's self, a crime has its degrees."
"Rash tongue!" said the former minister, in a low voice, nudging me with
"Where's your difficulty?" asked a duke whose fortune is derived from the
estates of stubborn Protestants, confiscated on the revocation of the
Edict of Nantes.
The lawyer rose, and said:—
"In law, the case submitted to us presents no difficulty. Monsieur le duc
is right!" cried the legal organ. "There are time limitations. Where
should we all be if we had to search into the origin of fortunes? This is
simply an affair of conscience. If you must absolutely carry the case
before some tribunal, go to that of the confessional."
The Code incarnate ceased speaking, sat down, and drank a glass of
champagne. The man charged with the duty of explaining the gospel, the
good priest, rose.
"God has made us all frail beings," he said firmly. "If you love the
heiress of that crime, marry her; but content yourself with the property
she derives from her mother; give that of the father to the poor."
"But," cried one of those pitiless hair-splitters who are often to be met
with in the world, "perhaps the father could make a rich marriage only
because he was rich himself; consequently, the marriage was the fruit of
"This discussion is, in itself, a verdict. There are some things on which
a man does not deliberate," said my former guardian, who thought to
enlighten the assembly with a flash of inebriety.
"Yes!" said the secretary of an embassy.
"Yes!" said the priest.
But the two men did not mean the same thing.
A "doctrinaire," who had missed his election to the Chamber by one hundred
and fifty votes out of one hundred and fifty-five, here rose.
"Messieurs," he said, "this phenomenal incident of intellectual nature is
one of those which stand out vividly from the normal condition to which
sobriety is subjected. Consequently the decision to be made ought to be
the spontaneous act of our consciences, a sudden conception, a prompt
inward verdict, a fugitive shadow of our mental apprehension, much like
the flashes of sentiment which constitute taste. Let us vote."
"Let us vote!" cried all my guests.
I have each two balls, one white, one red. The white, symbol of virginity,
was to forbid the marriage; the red ball sanctioned it. I myself abstained
from voting, out of delicacy.
My friends were seventeen in number; nine was therefore the majority. Each
man put his ball into the wicker basket with a narrow throat, used to hold
the numbered balls when card-players draw for their places at pool. We
were all roused to a more or less keen curiosity; for this balloting to
clarify morality was certainly original. Inspection of the ballot-box
showed the presence of nine white balls! The result did not surprise me;
but it came into my heard to count the young men of my own age whom I had
brought to sit in judgment. These casuists were precisely nine in number;
they all had the same thought.
"Oh, oh!" I said to myself, "here is secret unanimity to forbid the
marriage, and secret unanimity to sanction it! How shall I solve that
"Where does the father-in-law live?" asked one my school-friends,
heedlessly, being less sophisticated than the others.
"There's no longer a father-in-law," I replied. "Hitherto, my conscience
has spoken plainly enough to make your verdict superfluous. If to-day its
voice is weakened, here is the cause of my cowardice. I received, about
two months ago, this all-seducing letter."
And I showed them the following invitation, which I took from my
"You are invited to be present at the funeral procession, burial
services, and interment of Monsieur Jean-Frederic Taillefer, of
the house of Taillefer and Company, formerly Purveyor of
Commissary-meats, in his lifetime chevalier of the Legion of
honor, and of the Golden Spur, captain of the first company of the
Grenadiers of the National Guard of Paris, deceased, May 1st, at
his residence, rue Joubert; which will take place at, etc., etc.
"On the part of, etc."
"Now, what am I do to?" I continued; "I will put the question before you
in a broad way. There is undoubtedly a sea of blood in Mademoiselle
Taillefer's estates; her inheritance from her father is a vast Aceldama. I
know that. But Prosper Magnan left no heirs; but, again, I
have been unable to discover the family of the merchant who was murdered
at Andernach. To whom therefore can I restore that fortune? And ought it
to be wholly restored? Have I the right to betray a secret surprised by
me,—to add a murdered head to the dowry of an innocent girl, to give
her for the rest of her life bad dreams, to deprive her of all her
illusions, and say, 'Your gold is stained with blood'? I have borrowed the
'Dictionary of Cases of Conscience' from an old ecclesiastic, but I can
find nothing there to solve my doubts. Shall I found pious masses for the
repose of the souls of Prosper Magnan, Wahlenfer, and Taillefer? Here we
are in the middle of the nineteenth century! Shall I build a hospital, or
institute a prize for virtue? A prize for virtue would be given to
scoundrels; and as for hospitals, they seem to me to have become in these
days the protectors of vice. Besides, such charitable actions, more or
less profitable to vanity, do they constitute reparation?—and to
whom do I owe reparation? But I love; I love passionately. My love is my
life. If I, without apparent motive, suggest to a young girl accustomed to
luxury, to elegance, to a life fruitful of all enjoyments of art, a young
girl who loves to idly listen at the opera to Rossini's music,—if to
her I should propose that she deprive herself of fifteen hundred thousand
francs in favor of broken-down old men, or scrofulous paupers, she would
turn her back on me and laugh, or her confidential friend would tell her
that I'm a crazy jester. If in an ecstasy of love, I should paint to her
the charms of a modest life, and a little home on the banks of the Loire;
if I were to ask her to sacrifice her Parisian life on the altar of our
love, it would be, in the first place, a virtuous lie; in the next, I
might only be opening the way to some painful experience; I might lose the
heart of a girl who loves society, and balls, and personal adornment, and
me for the time being. Some slim and jaunty officer, with a
well-frizzed moustache, who can play the piano, quote Lord Byron, and ride
a horse elegantly, may get her away from me. What shall I do? For Heaven's
sake, give me some advice!"
The honest man, that species of puritan not unlike the father of Jeannie
Deans, of whom I have already told you, and who, up to the present moment
hadn't uttered a word, shrugged his shoulders, as he looked at me and
"Idiot! why did you ask him if he came from Beauvais?"