"PIGS IS PIGS"
By Ellis Parker Butler
Mike Flannery, the Westcote agent of the Interurban Express Company,
leaned over the counter of the express office and shook his fist. Mr.
Morehouse, angry and red, stood on the other side of the counter,
trembling with rage. The argument had been long and heated, and at last
Mr. Morehouse had talked himself speechless. The cause of the trouble
stood on the counter between the two men. It was a soap box across the top
of which were nailed a number of strips, forming a rough but serviceable
cage. In it two spotted guinea-pigs were greedily eating lettuce leaves.
"Do as you loike, then!" shouted Flannery, "pay for thim an' take thim, or
don't pay for thim and leave thim be. Rules is rules, Misther Morehouse,
an' Mike Flannery's not goin' to be called down fer breakin' of thim."
"But, you everlastingly stupid idiot!" shouted Mr. Morehouse, madly
shaking a flimsy printed book beneath the agent's nose, "can't you read it
here-in your own plain printed rates? 'Pets, domestic, Franklin to
Westcote, if properly boxed, twenty-five cents each.'" He threw the book
on the counter in disgust. "What more do you want? Aren't they pets?
Aren't they domestic? Aren't they properly boxed? What?"
He turned and walked back and forth rapidly; frowning ferociously.
Suddenly he turned to Flannery, and forcing his voice to an artificial
calmness spoke slowly but with intense sarcasm.
"Pets," he said "P-e-t-s! Twenty-five cents each. There are two of them.
One! Two! Two times twenty-five are fifty! Can you understand that? I
offer you fifty cents."
Flannery reached for the book. He ran his hand through the pages and
stopped at page sixty four.
"An' I don't take fifty cints," he whispered in mockery. "Here's the rule
for ut. 'Whin the agint be in anny doubt regardin' which of two rates
applies to a shipment, he shall charge the larger. The con-sign-ey may
file a claim for the overcharge.' In this case, Misther Morehouse, I be in
doubt. Pets thim animals may be, an' domestic they be, but pigs I'm blame
sure they do be, an' me rules says plain as the nose on yer face, 'Pigs
Franklin to Westcote, thirty cints each.' An' Mister Morehouse, by me
arithmetical knowledge two times thurty comes to sixty cints."
Mr. Morehouse shook his head savagely. "Nonsense!" he shouted, "confounded
nonsense, I tell you! Why, you poor ignorant foreigner, that rule means
common pigs, domestic pigs, not guinea pigs!"
Flannery was stubborn.
"Pigs is pigs," he declared firmly. "Guinea-pigs, or dago pigs or Irish
pigs is all the same to the Interurban Express Company an' to Mike
Flannery. Th' nationality of the pig creates no differentiality in the
rate, Misther Morehouse! 'Twould be the same was they Dutch pigs or
Rooshun pigs. Mike Flannery," he added, "is here to tind to the expriss
business and not to hould conversation wid dago pigs in sivinteen
languages fer to discover be they Chinese or Tipperary by birth an'
Mr. Morehouse hesitated. He bit his lip and then flung out his arms
"Very well!" he shouted, "you shall hear of this! Your president shall
hear of this! It is an outrage! I have offered you fifty cents. You refuse
it! Keep the pigs until you are ready to take the fifty cents, but, by
George, sir, if one hair of those pigs' heads is harmed I will have the
law on you!"
He turned and stalked out, slamming the door. Flannery carefully lifted
the soap box from the counter and placed it in a corner. He was not
worried. He felt the peace that comes to a faithful servant who has done
his duty and done it well.
Mr. Morehouse went home raging. His boy, who had been awaiting the
guinea-pigs, knew better than to ask him for them. He was a normal boy and
therefore always had a guilty conscience when his father was angry. So the
boy slipped quietly around the house. There is nothing so soothing to a
guilty conscience as to be out of the path of the avenger. Mr. Morehouse
stormed into the house. "Where's the ink?" he shouted at his wife as soon
as his foot was across the doorsill.
Mrs. Morehouse jumped, guiltily. She never used ink. She had not seen the
ink, nor moved the ink, nor thought of the ink, but her husband's tone
convicted her of the guilt of having borne and reared a boy, and she knew
that whenever her husband wanted anything in a loud voice the boy had been
"I'll find Sammy," she said meekly.
When the ink was found Mr. Morehouse wrote rapidly, and he read the
completed letter and smiled a triumphant smile.
"That will settle that crazy Irishman!" he exclaimed. "When they get that
letter he will hunt another job, all right!"
A week later Mr. Morehouse received a long official envelope with the card
of the Interurban Express Company in the upper left corner. He tore it
open eagerly and drew out a sheet of paper. At the top it bore the number
A6754. The letter was short. "Subject—Rate on guinea-pigs," it said,
"Dr. Sir—We are in receipt of your letter regarding rate on
guinea-pigs between Franklin and Westcote addressed to the president of
this company. All claims for overcharge should be addressed to the Claims
Mr. Morehouse wrote to the Claims Department. He wrote six pages of choice
sarcasm, vituperation and argument, and sent them to the Claims
A few weeks later he received a reply from the Claims Department. Attached
to it was his last letter.
"Dr. Sir," said the reply. "Your letter of the 16th inst., addressed to
this Department, subject rate on guinea-pigs from Franklin to Westcote,
ree'd. We have taken up the matter with our agent at Westcote, and his
reply is attached herewith. He informs us that you refused to receive the
consignment or to pay the charges. You have therefore no claim against
this company, and your letter regarding the proper rate on the consignment
should be addressed to our Tariff Department."
Mr. Morehouse wrote to the Tariff Department. He stated his case clearly,
and gave his arguments in full, quoting a page or two from the
encyclopedia to prove that guinea-pigs were not common pigs.
With the care that characterizes corporations when they are systematically
conducted, Mr. Morehouse's letter was numbered, O.K'd, and started through
the regular channels. Duplicate copies of the bill of lading, manifest,
Flannery's receipt for the package and several other pertinent papers were
pinned to the letter, and they were passed to the head of the Tariff
The head of the Tariff Department put his feet on his desk and yawned. He
looked through the papers carelessly.
"Miss Kane," he said to his stenographer, "take this letter. 'Agent,
Westcote, N. J. Please advise why consignment referred to in attached
papers was refused domestic pet rates."'
Miss Kane made a series of curves and angles on her note book and waited
with pencil poised. The head of the department looked at the papers again.
"Huh! guinea-pigs!" he said. "Probably starved to death by this time! Add
this to that letter: 'Give condition of consignment at present.'"
He tossed the papers on to the stenographer's desk, took his feet from his
own desk and went out to lunch.
When Mike Flannery received the letter he scratched his head.
"Give prisint condition," he repeated thoughtfully. "Now what do thim
clerks be wantin' to know, I wonder! 'Prisint condition, 'is ut? Thim
pigs, praise St. Patrick, do be in good health, so far as I know, but I
niver was no veternairy surgeon to dago pigs. Mebby thim clerks wants me
to call in the pig docther an' have their pulses took. Wan thing I do
know, howiver, which is they've glorious appytites for pigs of their
soize. Ate? They'd ate the brass padlocks off of a barn door I If the
paddy pig, by the same token, ate as hearty as these dago pigs do, there'd
be a famine in Ireland."
To assure himself that his report would be up to date, Flannery went to
the rear of the office and looked into the cage. The pigs had been
transferred to a larger box—a dry goods box.
"Wan, — two, — t'ree, — four, — five, — six,
— sivin, — eight!" he counted. "Sivin spotted an' wan all
black. All well an' hearty an' all eatin' loike ragin' hippypottymusses.
He went back to his desk and wrote.
"Mr. Morgan, Head of Tariff Department," he wrote. "Why do I say dago pigs
is pigs because they is pigs and will be til you say they ain't which is
what the rule book says stop your jollying me you know it as well as I do.
As to health they are all well and hoping you are the same. P. S. There
are eight now the family increased all good eaters. P. S. I paid out so
far two dollars for cabbage which they like shall I put in bill for same
Morgan, head of the Tariff Department, when he received this letter,
laughed. He read it again and became serious.
"By George!" he said, "Flannery is right, 'pigs is pigs.' I'll have to get
authority on this thing. Meanwhile, Miss Kane, take this letter: Agent,
Westcote, N. J. Regarding shipment guinea-pigs, File No. A6754. Rule 83,
General Instruction to Agents, clearly states that agents shall collect
from consignee all costs of provender, etc., etc., required for live stock
while in transit or storage. You will proceed to collect same from
Flannery received this letter next morning, and when he read it he
"Proceed to collect," he said softly. "How thim clerks do loike to be
talkin'! Me proceed to collect two dollars and twinty-foive cints off
Misther Morehouse! I wonder do thim clerks know Misther Morehouse? I'll
git it! Oh, yes! 'Misther Morehouse, two an' a quarter, plaze.' 'Cert'nly,
me dear frind Flannery. Delighted!' Not!"
Flannery drove the express wagon to Mr. Morehouse's door. Mr. Morehouse
answered the bell.
"Ah, ha!" he cried as soon as he saw it was Flannery. "So you've come to
your senses at last, have you? I thought you would! Bring the box in."
"I hev no box," said Flannery coldly. "I hev a bill agin Misther John C.
Morehouse for two dollars and twinty-foive cints for kebbages aten by his
dago pigs. Wud you wish to pay ut?"
"Pay—Cabbages—!" gasped Mr. Morehouse. "Do you mean to say
that two little guinea-pigs—"
"Eight!" said Flannery. "Papa an' mamma an' the six childer. Eight!"
For answer Mr. Morehouse slammed the door in Flannery's face. Flannery
looked at the door reproachfully.
"I take ut the con-sign-y don't want to pay for thim kebbages," he said.
"If I know signs of refusal, the con-sign-y refuses to pay for wan dang
kebbage leaf an' be hanged to me!"
Mr. Morgan, the head of the Tariff Department, consulted the president of
the Interurban Express Company regarding guinea-pigs, as to whether they
were pigs or not pigs. The president was inclined to treat the matter
"What is the rate on pigs and on pets?" he asked.
"Pigs thirty cents, pets twenty-five," said Morgan.
"Then of course guinea-pigs are pigs," said the president.
"Yes," agreed Morgan, "I look at it that way, too. A thing that can come
under two rates is naturally due to be classed as the higher. But are
guinea-pigs, pigs? Aren't they rabbits?"
"Come to think of it," said the president, "I believe they are more like
rabbits. Sort of half-way station between pig and rabbit. I think the
question is this—are guinea-pigs of the domestic pig family? I'll
ask professor Gordon. He is authority on such things. Leave the papers
The president put the papers on his desk and wrote a letter to Professor
Gordon. Unfortunately the Professor was in South America collecting
zoological specimens, and the letter was forwarded to him by his wife. As
the Professor was in the highest Andes, where no white man had ever
penetrated, the letter was many months in reaching him. The president
forgot the guinea-pigs, Morgan forgot them, Mr. Morehouse forgot them, but
Flannery did not. One-half of his time he gave to the duties of his
agency; the other half was devoted to the guinea-pigs. Long before
Professor Gordon received the president's letter Morgan received one from
"About them dago pigs," it said, "what shall I do they are great in family
life, no race suicide for them, there are thirty-two now shall I sell them
do you take this express office for a menagerie, answer quick."
Morgan reached for a telegraph blank and wrote:
"Agent, Westcote. Don't sell pigs."
He then wrote Flannery a letter calling his attention to the fact that the
pigs were not the property of the company but were merely being held
during a settlement of a dispute regarding rates. He advised Flannery to
take the best possible care of them.
Flannery, letter in hand, looked at the pigs and sighed. The dry-goods box
cage had become too small. He boarded up twenty feet of the rear of the
express office to make a large and airy home for them, and went about his
business. He worked with feverish intensity when out on his rounds, for
the pigs required attention and took most of his time. Some months later,
in desperation, he seized a sheet of paper and wrote "160" across it and
mailed it to Morgan. Morgan returned it asking for explanation. Flannery
"There be now one hundred sixty of them dago pigs, for heavens sake let me
sell off some, do you want me to go crazy, what."
"Sell no pigs," Morgan wired.
Not long after this the president of the express company received a letter
from Professor Gordon. It was a long and scholarly letter, but the point
was that the guinea-pig was the Cava aparoea while the common pig was the
genius Sus of the family Suidae. He remarked that they were prolific and
"They are not pigs," said the president, decidedly, to Morgan. "The
twenty-five cent rate applies."
Morgan made the proper notation on the papers that had accumulated in File
A6754, and turned them over to the Audit Department. The Audit Department
took some time to look the matter up, and after the usual delay wrote
Flannery that as he had on hand one hundred and sixty guinea-pigs, the
property of consignee, he should deliver them and collect charges at the
rate of twenty-five cents each.
Flannery spent a day herding his charges through a narrow opening in their
cage so that he might count them.
"Audit Dept." he wrote, when he had finished the count, "you are way off
there may be was one hundred and sixty dago pigs once, but wake up don't
be a back number. I've got even eight hundred, now shall I collect for
eight hundred or what, how about sixty-four dollars I paid out for
It required a great many letters back and forth before the Audit
Department was able to understand why the error had been made of billing
one hundred and sixty instead of eight hundred, and still more time for it
to get the meaning of the "cabbages."
Flannery was crowded into a few feet at the extreme front of the office.
The pigs had all the rest of the room and two boys were employed
constantly attending to them. The day after Flannery had counted the
guinea-pigs there were eight more added to his drove, and by the time the
Audit Department gave him authority to collect for eight hundred Flannery
had given up all attempts to attend to the receipt or the delivery of
goods. He was hastily building galleries around the express office, tier
above tier. He had four thousand and sixty-four guinea-pigs to care for!
More were arriving daily.
Immediately following its authorization the Audit Department sent another
letter, but Flannery was too busy to open it. They wrote another and then
"Error in guinea-pig bill. Collect for two guinea-pigs, fifty cents.
Deliver all to consignee."
Flannery read the telegram and cheered up. He wrote out a bill as rapidly
as his pencil could travel over paper and ran all the way to the Morehouse
home. At the gate he stopped suddenly. The house stared at him with vacant
eyes. The windows were bare of curtains and he could see into the empty
rooms. A sign on the porch said, "To Let." Mr. Morehouse had moved!
Flannery ran all the way back to the express office. Sixty-nine
guinea-pigs had been born during his absence. He ran out again and made
feverish inquiries in the village. Mr. Morehouse had not only moved, but
he had left Westcote. Flannery returned to the express office and found
that two hundred and six guinea-pigs had entered the world since he left
it. He wrote a telegram to the Audit Department.
"Can't collect fifty cents for two dago pigs consignee has left town
address unknown what shall I do? Flannery."
The telegram was handed to one of the clerks in the Audit Department, and
as he read it he laughed.
"Flannery must be crazy. He ought to know that the thing to do is to
return the consignment here," said the clerk. He telegraphed Flannery to
send the pigs to the main office of the company at Franklin.
When Flannery received the telegram he set to work. The six boys he had
engaged to help him also set to work. They worked with the haste of
desperate men, making cages out of soap boxes, cracker boxes, and all
kinds of boxes, and as fast as the cages were completed they filled them
with guinea-pigs and expressed them to Franklin. Day after day the cages
of guineapigs flowed in a steady stream from Westcote to Franklin, and
still Flannery and his six helpers ripped and nailed and packed—relentlessly
and feverishly. At the end of the week they had shipped two hundred and
eighty cases of guinea-pigs, and there were in the express office seven
hundred and four more pigs than when they began packing them.
"Stop sending pigs. Warehouse full," came a telegram to Flannery. He
stopped packing only long enough to wire back, "Can't stop," and kept on
sending them. On the next train up from Franklin came one of the company's
inspectors. He had instructions to stop the stream of guinea-pigs at all
hazards. As his train drew up at Westcote station he saw a cattle car
standing on the express company's siding. When he reached the express
office he saw the express wagon backed up to the door. Six boys were
carrying bushel baskets full of guinea-pigs from the office and dumping
them into the wagon. Inside the room Flannery, with' his coat and vest
off, was shoveling guinea-pigs into bushel baskets with a coal scoop. He
was winding up the guinea-pig episode.
He looked up at the inspector with a snort of anger.
"Wan wagonload more an, I'll be quit of thim, an' niver will ye catch
Flannery wid no more foreign pigs on his hands. No, sur! They near was the
death o' me. Nixt toime I'll know that pigs of whaiver nationality is
domistic pets—an' go at the lowest rate."
He began shoveling again rapidly, speaking quickly between breaths.
"Rules may be rules, but you can't fool Mike Flannery twice wid the same
thrick—whin ut comes to live stock, dang the rules. So long as
Flannery runs this expriss office—pigs is pets—an' cows is
pets—an' horses is pets—an' lions an' tigers an' Rocky
Mountain goats is pets—an' the rate on thim is twinty-foive cints."
He paused long enough to let one of the boys put an empty basket in the
place of the one he had just filled. There were only a few guinea-pigs
left. As he noted their limited number his natural habit of looking on the
bright side returned.
"Well, annyhow," he said cheerfully, "'tis not so bad as ut might be. What
if thim dago pigs had been elephants!"